References for North American Immigrations of Grimshaws

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A broad survey of sources of readily available (published) immigration records was conducted for Grimshaw immigrants into the U.S. One primary source (Filby, which is actually an index that led to 30-plus other references) and three secondary sources ( Bentley, Filby (multiple volumes), Glazier and Filby, and Glazier and Tepper) were found and are described on this website. Each source is described below, along with a description of a number of commonly-used sources that were found to contain no Grimshaw entries.

Libraries Consulted

Filby, 1981-2000, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index

Glazier and Tepper, 1983 1986, The Famine Immigrants – Lists of Irish Immigrants Arriving at the Port of New York

Glazier and Filby, 1988 -1990, Germans to America – Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports, 1850-1863

Bentley, 1999, Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York, 1820-1829, from Customs
Passenger Lists

Sources Checked but Found to Have No Grimshaw Entries

References Cited

An overview of Grimshaw immigration patterns, and individual Grimshaw immigrants, are given on a companion webpage. A tabulation of Grimshaw immigration records is also included on another webpage.

Libraries Consulted

Many sources were consulted; most of the references were available at the Genealogy Division of the Texas State Library (referred to below as Texas Genealogy Library, or “TGL”) in Austin, Texas. Several other libraries were important sources of references not available at TGL – the Pennsylvania Room of the Carnegie Library (“PCL”), Pittsburgh, PA; the Sutro Library (“Sutro”), in San Francisco CA; the LDS Family History Library in Salt Lake City, UT; and the Detroit Public Library in Detroit, MI.

Variants of the Grimshaw Name

There are many variations in the spelling of the Grimshaw name. As those of us who bear the name know all too well, people often have difficulty in “hearing” the name when it is pronounced to them for the first time. Even though the name is quite “phonetic,” it nearly always must be spelled out when it is being transcribed by someone who hasn’t heard it before. It’s almost as though they “can’t believe their ears” when hearing the name for the first time!

Certainly those taking down the name for immigration, census-taking and related reasons were no exception, so the “net was cast widely” in this survey of immigrant records for Grimshaws. The strategy that evolved in looking through alphabetic indexes was to start with the “Greens” and continue to the end of the “Gri-” listings (often with the name “Grizzle”). This strategy captures nearly all of the variations that were “honest mistakes” by the transcriber; some of the more commonly encountered variants are as follows:

     

    Greenshaw

     

    Grimsha

     

    Grinshaw

     

    Grishaw

     

    Grenshaw

     

    Grimshew

     

    Grinsha

     

     

    Grensha

     

    Grimshow

     

    Grisha

     

     

    Variants, such as shortening to Grim, at the initiative of the immigrant (or by the transcriber), were not captured. Grim is a very common German surname, and many Grims from Germany immigrated to the U.S. and Canada. Many variants are “borderline” – Grishaw, for example, could be either of two mistakes – leaving out the “m” in Grimshaw, or substituting a “w” for its upside-down counterpart “m” in Grisham. Greenhaw or Greenhow are examples of names that were not included because they have their own origin and identity. No doubt some names that might, or ought, to have been included were inadvertently omitted.


    Filby, 1981-2000

    Perhaps the single most significant readily available, published source of immigrant information for the U.S. is referred to as “Filby” (or “PILI”), which was first published in 1981 and annual supplements have been published since through 2000. Filby is best considered as a “secondary” source in that it is an index of other published sources containing lists of immigrants. The approach used in Filby, both in the original work and in the supplements, is to select a set of sources containing immigrant information for review, provide a complete citation, and assign a unique number to each. The list of citations is then followed by a comprehensive alphabetical index of names of all immigrants included in all the citations. The index includes the name, the state, sometimes the age, the year, the unique reference number, and the page in the citation where the immigrant can be found. The researcher can then locate the cited reference and turn to the indicated page to access the information included.

    A total of 52 indicated Grimshaw immigrants was found in the original volume and annual supplements of Filby; they are summarized below. Some of the citations appear to reference the same individual, so the number of “unique” entries appears to be about 36.

    Ref

    Citation

    Page

    Filby
    Year

    123.54

    Appanoose County Genealogy Society, 1985, Index to Naturalization Records of Appanoose County, Iowa: Centerville, IA, the society, 86 p.

    21

    1996

    752.5

    Bracy, Isabel, 1990, Immigrants in Madison County, New York, 1815-1860: Interlaken, NY, Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 120 p.

    66

    1998

    1133.6

    Cassaday, Michael, 1982, Wisconsin-Bound Passengers on Ship Marmion, in Wisconsin State Genealogical Society News Letter, v. 29, no. 1 (June 1982), p. 9

    9

    1987

    1217.2

    Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Two Volumes in One: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., unk. p.

    115

    1987

    1217.5

    Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Volume 5, Western Circuit, 1664-1775: Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset, and Wiltshire, with a List of the Rebels of 1685: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 95 p.

    48

    1988

    1217.6

    Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Volume 6, Oxford Circuit, 1663-1775: Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, Oxfordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, and Worcestershire: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 95 p.

    74

    1988

    1219.5

    Coldham, Peter W., 1990, The Complete Book of Emigrants: A Comprehensive Listing Compiled from English Public Records of Those Who Took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-Conformity; and of Those Who Were Sold to Labour in the Colonies, 1661-1699: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 894 p.

    699

    1993

    1220.11

    Coldham, Peter W., 1988, The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614 1775: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 920 p.

    339

    1999

    1222

    Coldham, Peter W., 1974, English Convicts in Colonial America, Volume 1, Middlesex 1617-1775: New Orleans, LA, Polyanthos, 301 p.

    115

    1981

    1229.10

    Coldham, Peter W., 1997, The Kings Passengers to Maryland and Virginia: Westminster, MD, Family Line Publications, 450 p.

    82,
    279

    2000

    1322

    Coulter, Ellis M., and Albert B. Saye, eds., 1983, A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 111 p.

    77

    1981

    1357.2

    Cox, Richard J., 1981, Maryland Runaway Convict Servants, 1745-1780, in National Genealogical Society Quarterly, v. 69, no., 1 (March 1981), p. 51-58

    55

    1987

    1869

    Erie County Society for Genealogical Research, compiler, 1983, Erie County, Pennsylvania, Naturalizations, 1825-1906: Erie, PA, the society, 179 p.

    49

    1988

    2212

    French, Elizabeth, 1913, List of Emigrants to America from Liverpool, 1697-1707: Boston, MA, New England Genealogical Society, 55 p. (reprinted 1962, 1983 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD

    10

    1996

    2772

    Greer, George C., 1912, Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666: Richmond, VA, W.C. Hill Printing Co. 376 p. (Reprinted 1960, Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co.)

    136,
    139

    1981

    3388

    Unknown Author, 1970, Immigrants from Great Britain to the Georgia Colony: Morrow, GA, Genealogical Enterprises, 27 p.

    10

    1983

    3700

    Kaminkow, Marion, and Jack Kaminkow, eds., 1967, Original Lists of Emigrants in Bondage from London to the American Colonies, 1717-1744: Baltimore, MD, Magna Carta Book Co., 211 p. (reprinted 1981, Magna Carta Bool Co.)

    69

    1987

    3703.1

    Kane County Genealogical Society, 1988, Kane County, Illinois Naturalization Records, 1857-1906: Geneva, IL, the society, 162 p.

    49

    1995

    5704.1

    Mitchell, Brian, 1989, Irish Emigration Lists, 1833-1839: Lists of Emigrants Extracted from Ordnance Survey Memoirs for Counties Londonderry and Antrim: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 118 p.

    19

    1995

    5962

    Myers, Mrs. Lester F., 1968, Declarations of Intention and Naturalization Papers at the County Clerk’s Office in Auburn, New York, in Tree Talks, v. 8, no. 3 (September 1968), p. 21-22

    21

    1985

    6220

    Nugent, Nell M., abstractor, 1934, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Volume 2, 1623-1666: Richmond, VA, Dietz Printing Co., 766 p. (reprinted 1969, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD)

    222,
    276

    1985

    6221

    Nugent, Nell M., 1977, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Volume 1, 1666-1695: Richmond, VA, Virginia State Library, 609 p.

    82

    1995

    6223

    Nugent, Nell M., abstractor, 1979, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Volume 3, 1695-1732: Richmond, VA, Virginia State Library, 578 p.

    6

    1985

    6401

    U.S. Work Projects Administration, Division of Community Service Programs, Old Law Naturalization Records Project, 1942, Index to Naturalization Records, Mississippi Courts, 1798-1906: Jackson MI, Old Law Naturalization Records Project, unk. p.

    80

    1984

    6466.4

    Tepper, Michael, general editor, and Elizabeth P. Bentley, transcriber, 1986, Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia, 1800-1819: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 913 p.

    278

    1998

    7870

    Samuelsen, W. David, 1986, New York City Passenger List Manifests Index, 1820-1824: North Salt Lake, UT, Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 290 p.

    108

    1990

    8195

    Scott, Kenneth, compiler, 1979, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 420 p.

    123,
    124, 324

    1983

    8258

    Scott, Kenneth, and Roseanne Conway, compilers, 1978, New York Alien Residents, 1825-1848: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 122 p.

    46

    1985

    8368

    Shelley, Jane and Elsie M., Wasser, compilers, 1983, Naturalization and Intentions of Madison County, Illinois: An Index 1816-1900: Edwardsville, IL, the compilers, unk p.

    51

    1987

    9151

    Tepper, Michael, ed., 1977, Passengers to America: a Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co. (Reprinted 1978 with new indexes, 554 p.)

    180

    1981

    9296

    Filby, P. William, ed., 1982, Philadelphia Naturalization Records – an Index to Records of Aliens’ Declarations of Intention and/or Oaths of Allegiance, 1789-1880, in United States Circuit Court, United States District Court, Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Quarter Sessions Court, Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 716 p.

    198

    1981

    Thirty-one references were included in the Filby list. As many of these references as possible were located, and copies were made of the “front matter” (title page, copyright page and selected additional pages) and the pages containing the Grimshaw immigrant’s name(s).

    If you are interested in obtaining a copy of a reference, please e-mail me at thomas.w@grimshaw.com. All but three of the Filby-cited references have been located and copies made.

    Glazier, Ira A., ed., and Michael Tepper, 1983-1986, The Famine Immigrants – Lists of Irish Immigrants Arriving at the Port of New York

    Glazier and Tepper focused specifically on arrivals at the Port of New York and on the period of the Irish famine from 1846 to 1851. The work is published in seven volumes covering successive intervals during the period January 1846 to December 1851. Each volume contains documentation, in chronological order, of ships that arrived at the port, and for each ship a list of passengers is included. The volumes are carefully indexed by surname and page number with the ship’s list of immigrants for the name.

    All of the volumes except Volume 1 were found to have Grimshaw immigrants listed; the entries are summarized in Table 4. A total of 15 Grimshaws is included on the list; only one appears to overlap with the citations in Filby. Copies of the front matter, pages with Grimshaw entries, and index pages with Grimshaw entries are included in Part B of this report.

    Last

    First

    Age

    Sex

    Occupation

    Arrival

    Embarkation

    Ship

    G&T Volume

    Grimshaw

    Bing

    45

    M

    Laborer

    6/13/1848

    Liverpool

    Milan

    2

    Grimshaw

    William

    45

    M

    Laborer

    6/13/1848

    Liverpool

    Milan

    2

    Grimshaw

    Thos.

    50

    M

    Laborer

    10/31/1848

    Liverpool

    Enterprise

    3

    Grimshaw

    Joseph

    18

    M

    Laborer

    11/2/1848

    Liverpool

    Columbia

    3

    Grimshaw

    George

    30

    M

    Laborer

    4/5/1849

    Liverpool

    Elsinor

    4

    Grinshaw

    Sarah

    70

    F

    Farmer

    5/18/1850

    Liverpool

    Empire-State

    5

    Grimshaw

    Mary

    20

    F

    Servant

    8/19/1850

    Liverpool

    Manhattan

    6

    Grimshaw

    Margaret

    20

    F

    Servant

    8/19/1850

    Liverpool

    Manhattan

    6

    Grimshaw

    W.

    52

    M

    Farmer

    10/2/1850

    Liverpool

    Constellation

    6

    Grimshaw

    U-Mrs.

    50

    F

    Farmer

    10/2/1850

    Liverpool

    Constellation

    6

    Grimshaw

    Martha

    16

    F

    Farmer

    10/2/1850

    Liverpool

    Constellation

    6

    Grimshaw

    Emma

    12

    F

    Farmer

    10/2/1850

    Liverpool

    Constellation

    6

    Grimshaw

    Ellen

    10

    F

    Farmer

    10/2/1850

    Liverpool

    Constellation

    6

    Grimshaw

    Margt.

    20

    F

    Servant

    7/30/1851

    Liverpool

    Manhattan

    7

    Grimshaw

    U

    0

    U

    Infant

    7/30/1851

    Liverpool

    Manhattan

    7

    Glazier, Ira A., ed., and P. William Filby, 1988-1990, Germans to America – Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports, 1850-1863

    Judging from the titles of the early volumes of this series, the original period that was intended to be included in the scope of the work was 1850 to 1855, which would have ended with Volume 9. However, the series has continued to be published and extends through July 1893 (volume 64, published 2000). The first 31 volumes (through September 1875) have been surveyed for this report. Grimshaw entries were found only in Volumes 2 and 4.

    The first Grimshaw entry was Henry, referenced in Volume 2 as arriving in New Orleans from London on May 21, 1852 on the ship “John Currier.”

    The second was James Grimshaw, in Volume 4, who arrived in New York from London on September 30, 1852 on the ship “Patrick Henry.”

    Bentley, Elizabeth P., 1999, Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York, 1820-1829, from Customs Passenger Lists

    This relatively recent work includes information on passengers who arrived at the Port of New York between 1820 and 1829. It includes entries for the following eight Grimshaw immigrants:

    Name

    Age

    Sex

    Occupation

    Country to Which They Belong

    Country They Intend to Inhabit

    Ship

    Date of Arrival

    Grimshant, Jas.

    25

    M

    Merchant

    G. Brittain

    U. States

    Pacific

    23 Jan 1826

    Grimshaw, Betsey

    2

    F

    Child

      

    Helen

    4 Aug 1829

    Grimshaw, James

    26

    M

    Merchant

    Great Brittain

    America

    Pacific

    13 Jan 1827

    Grimshaw, Jas., Mr.

    30

    M

    Merchant

    England

    England

    Manchester

    8 Dec 1827

    Grimshaw, John

    20

    M

    Merchant

    Great Britain

    Great Britain

    Nestor

    3 Nov 1820

    Grimshaw, Mary

    23

    F

       

    Helen

    4 Aug 1829

    Grimshaw, Thos.

    25

        

    Helen

    4 Aug 1829

    Grimshaw, Wm.

    21

    M

    Farmer

    Great Britain

    United States

    Meridian

    2 Jul 1827

    It must be noted that two entries (Mr. Jas. and John) may not have been immigrants, but only visitors, as indicated by the entry that Great Britain was the country they intended to inhabit.


    Sources Checked but Found to Have No Grimshaw Entries

    Experienced family history researchers, after reading the references reviewed as described above, may wonder if common references with which they are familiar, but which are not cited, are not cited because they were reviewed and found to contain no Grimshaw entries or because they were not reviewed at all. To partially address this question, the following listed references were reviewed but found to contain no Grimshaw entries.

    1. Tepper and Bentley, 1982
    2. Whitmore, 1973
    3. Rasmussen, 1965
    4. Rasmussen, 1966
    5. Rasmussen, 1967
    6. Schlegel, 1980
    7. McAuslan and Neff, 1960
    8. Terry and Harding, 1981
    9. Author Unknown, 1967
    10. Author Unknown, 1969
    11. Hudgins, 1994a
    12. Hudgins, 1994b
    13. Fothergill, 1976
    14. Coldham, 1987
    15. Coldham, 1992
    16. Coldham, 1993
    17. Tepper, 1980, v. I
    18. Tepper, 1980, v. II
    19. White, 1989
    20. Coldham, 1980

    To be sure, there is limited value in seeking to “prove a negative,” but, by the same token, it may be useful to some researchers to know the major data sources in which Grimshaws apparently did not leave any record.

    References Cited

    As noted, for this webpage four commonly used sources of information on immigrants to the U.S. were found to have Grimshaw entries — Bentley, Filby (multiple volumes), Glazier and Filby, and Glazier and Tepper (multiple volumes). Filby, in turn indexes many other references. These Filby references, as well as the Bentley, Glazier and Filby, and Glazier and Tepper references, are shown below in alphabetical order. The references surveyed but found to have no Grimshaw entries are also shown.

    1. Appanoose County Genealogy Society, 1985, Index to Naturalization Records of Appanoose County, Iowa: Centerville, IA, the society, 86 p. (p. 21)
    2. Author Unknown, 1967, Passenger Arrivals, 1819-1820, “A Transcript of the List of Passengers Who Arrived in the United States from the 1st October 1819 to the 30th September 1820: 342 p.
    3. Author Unknown, 1969, Passengers Who Arrived in the United States, September 1821 – December 1823: 425 p.
    4. Bentley, Elizabeth P., 1999, Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York, 1820-1829, from Customs Passenger Lists: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1491p. (p. 507)
    5. Bracy, Isabel, 1990, Immigrants in Madison County, New York, 1815-1860: Interlaken, NY, Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 120 p. [Filby No. 752.50], p. 66
    6. Cassaday, Michael, 1982, Wisconsin-Bound Passengers on Ship Marmion, in Wisconsin State Genealogical Society News Letter, v. 29, no. 1 (June 1982), p. 9 [Filby No. 1133.60]
    7. Coldham, Peter W., 1974, English Convicts in Colonial America, Volume 1, Middlesex 1617-1775: New Orleans, LA, Polyanthos [Filby No. 1222], p. 115
    8. Coldham, Peter W., 1980, American Loyalist Claims, Volume I: Washington D.C., National Genealogical Society, 616 p.
    9. Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Two Volumes in One: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., unk. p. [Filby No. 1217.2], p. 115
    10. Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Volume 5, Western Circuit, 1664-1775: Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset, and Wiltshire, with a List of the Rebels of 1685: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 95 p. [Filby No. 1217.5], p. 48
    11. Coldham, Peter W., 1983, Bonded Passengers to America, Volume 6, Oxford Circuit, 1663-1775: Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, Oxfordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, and Worcestershire: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 95 p. [Filby No. 1217.6], p. 74
    12. Coldham, Peter W., 1987, The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1660, a Comprehensive Listing of English Public Records of Those Who Took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of Those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-Conformity; and of Those Who Were Sold to Labour in the New Colonies: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 600 p.
    13. Coldham, Peter W., 1988, The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage, 1614-1775: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., p 1-461. [Filby No. 1220.11], p. 339
    14. Coldham, Peter W., 1990, The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1661-1699: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 894 p. [Filby No. 1219.5], p. 699
    15. Coldham, Peter W., 1992, The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1700-1750, a Comprehensive Listing of English Public Records of Those Who Took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of Those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-Conformity; and of Those Who Were Sold to Labour in the New Colonies: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 743 p.
    16. Coldham, Peter W., 1993, The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1751-1776, a Comprehensive Listing of English Public Records of Those Who Took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of Those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-Conformity; and of Those Who Were Sold to Labour in the New Colonies: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 349 p.
    17. Coldham, Peter W., 1997, The Kings Passengers to Maryland and Virginia: Westminister, MD, Family Line Publications, 450 p. (p. 279)
    18. Coulter, Ellis M., and Albert B. Saye, eds., 1983, A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 111 p. [Filby No. 1322], p. 77
    19. Cox, Richard J., 1981, Maryland Runaway Convict Servants, 1745-1780, in National Genealogical Society Quarterly, v. 69, no., 1 (March 1981), p. 51-58 [Filby No. 1357.2], p. 55
    20. Erie County Society for Genealogical Research, compiler, 1983, Erie County, Pennsylvania, Naturalizations, 1825-1906: Erie, PA, the society, 179 p. [Filby No. 1869], p. 49
    21. Filby, P. William, ed., 1981, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., Volume 1, A-G, 787 p.
    22. Filby, P. William, ed., 1982, Philadelphia Naturalization Records – an Index to Records of Aliens’ Declarations of Intention and/or Oaths of Allegiance, 1789-1880: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 716 p. [Filby No. 9296], p. 198
    23. Filby, P. William, ed., 1983, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1982 Supplement, Containing Over 200,000 Additional Records, 950 p.
    24. Filby, P. William, ed., 1984, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1983 Supplement, Containing 200,000 Additional Records, 982 p.
    25. Filby, P. William, ed., 1985, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1984 Supplement, Containing More Than 125,000 Additional Records, 616 p.
    26. Filby, P. William, ed., 1987, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 500,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1987 Supplement, Containing More Than 125,000 Additional Records, 645 p.
    27. Filby, P. William, ed., 1988, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 5,000,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1988 Supplement, Containing More Than 125,000 Additional Records, 644 p.
    28. Filby, P. William, ed., 1990, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 1,775,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1990 Supplement, 660 p.
    29. Filby, P. William, ed., 1993, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 2,156,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1993 Supplement, 614 p.
    30. Filby, P. William, ed., 1995, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 2,410,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1995 Supplement, 526 p.
    31. Filby, P. William, ed., 1996, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 2,540,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1996 Supplement, 559 p.
    32. Filby, P. William, ed., 1997, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 2,795,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 1998 Supplement, Part 1, 577 p.
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    35. Filby, P. William, ed., 1999, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index – a Guide to Published Arrival Records of about 3,429,000 Passengers Who Came to the United States in the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries: Detroit, MI, Gale Research Co., 2000 Supplement, Part 2, unk p.
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    58. Shelley, Jane and Elsie M., Wasser, compilers, 1983, Naturalization and Intentions of Madison County, Illinois: An Index 1816-1900: Edwardsville, IL, the compilers, unk p. [Filby No. 8368], p. 51
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    62. Tepper, Michael, general editor, and Elizabeth P. Bentley, transcriber, 1986, Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia, 1800-1819: Baltimore, MD, Genealogical Publishing Co., 913 p. [Filby No. 6466.4], p. 278
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    Webpage posted August 2000