“The Preston Guardian”
1877 Articles on the Pendle Forest Line of Grimshaws
In September 1877 The Preston Guardian, the principal newspaper of Preston during that time, published a series of four articles on the Pendle Forest Grimshaws1,2,3,4, culminating in a description of the life of Nicholas Grimshaw. Nicholas was mayor of Preston seven times, including two terms as Guild mayor. These articles provide a great deal of highly relevant Grimshaw family history and are provided on this webpage as a resource for Grimshaw family researchers. The author is not identified in the articles, but has been identified by Hilary Tulloch as William Alexander Abram.
Thanks go to Hilary Tulloch for bringing these articles to the attention of the website author. Copies of the articles were obtained from microfilm at the main library in Preston in May 2000. Thanks also to Hilary for supplying the information on the authorship of the articles.
The Preston Guardian articles cover a great deal of Grimshaw family history, starting (briefly) with the earliest recorded family at Grimshaw in Eccleshill and then Clayton-le-Moors. Nearly all of Whitaker’s5Pendle Hill descendant chart is described to some level of detail. The articles are best reviewed with a the descendant chart at hand; a copy is provided below in two parts.
Hilary Tulloch has found two references that identify the author of the articles as William Alexander Abram:
1. ‘Grimshaws of Preston. For most of the particulars of this family I am indebted to the late W.A. Abram’s notice in the “Preston Guardian” in 1877.’ History of the Parish of Preston, Henry Fishwick, 1900, London: The Aldine Press.
2. Abram, Wm Alexander, FRHS, (1882) Memorials of the Preston Guilds, Preston: George Toulmin: Note: W A Abram Editor of ‘Sketches in Local History’ in the Preston Guardian. p.10 ‘In 1397, the use of surnames had become general in this part of England, which they were far from being when the Guild Merchant of 1328 was held near seventy years before … The local surnames of the second half of the fourteenth century were mostly of four descriptions; first, those derived from the locality to which the family was attached, with the prefix “de”; secondly, a few Norman surnames; thirdly, those which denoted businesses or occupations, with the prefix “le”; and, fourthly, those formed out of the paternal or maternal name, with the affix “son”. Of the first kind, borne in the first instance by the owners of landed estates and their kindred and descendants …’
The family of the Grimshaws, which in two or three of its later representatives was among the foremost in the Municipal annals of Preston in the second half of the last century and early part of the present century, was a branch of an ancient stock with freeholding proprietors in North-East Lancashire, which became possessed by a marriage of the manor of Clayton-in-le-Moors in the era of the Plantagenets, and thereafter was reckoned among the best of the county gentry. The original settlement of this old family, from which it took its surname, was a tenement in the Parish of Blackburn, about three miles to the south-east of Blackburn town. On the ordnance map may yet be found the name of Grimshaw attached to a tenement lying near the Hoddlesden brook, in the hollow between the steep acclivity of Yate Bank on the east and the more gradual slope of Eccleshill on the west. This is the obscure place in
which the Grimshaws primitively subsisted, and which supplied the race with its name De Grimshaw when surnames came to be fixed in families. The olden orthography of the name is Grymeshagh or Grymeshawe the suffix of shaw signifies a woodland in Saxon; and this narrow glen was once densely wooded from its upper edge above Hoddlesden village down to Woodhead, and Grimshaw. The other surname of Grime, still common in the same locality, is merely a shortening of Grimshaw by dropping the suffix.
The principal stock of De Grimshaws occurs as early as the year 1276 when Richard de Grymeshagh held the tenement, which before had been held by his father, Walter. The estate in Eccleshill continued to pertain to the Grimshaws of the main descent as far onward as the latter years of the 17th century; but after the marriage of Adam de Grimshaw with Cicely de Clayton, daughter and sole heiress of Henry Clayton, the residential mansion of the Grimshaws was Clayton Hall, in the Vale of Calder, the manor house of Clayton-in-les-Moors; and there they continued until the principal stock terminated in an heiress, Mary Grimshaw, wife of John Heywood, of Urmston, whose daughter, Rebecca, marrying Richard Lomax, Esq., carried Clayton Manor to the Lomaxes, its present lords.
It is with a junior line of Grimshaws that we have to do in this article, namely, the Grimshaws seated in Pendle Forest in the reign of Henry the Eighth, and the branch of that family which settled in Preston about a century and a half ago. We have not been able to ascertain positively the link of connection with, or the point of detachment from, the Grimshaws of Clayton Hall, of the Grimshaws of Pendle Forest, albeit the fact of the common ancestry may be safely taken for granted. We think it most likely that Nicholas Grimshaw, living in 1481 (younger brother of Henry Grimshaw, of Clayton Hall, who died in 1507) was progenitor of the Pendle Forest Grimshaws; this surmise is chiefly based upon the circumstance that “Nicholas” appears to have been a favourite
Christian name in this family in every successive generation from the reign of Elizabeth to the present time.
The first member with which a careful pedigree of Grimshaw of Pendle Forest, inserted in the new edition of Whitaker’s “History of Whalley,” commences, is Nicholas Grimshaw, living in 1593. But we have met with references to Grimshaws resident in Pendle Forest more than half a century prior to that date. These we note below before proceeding to show the descent of the Preston Grimshaws from Nicholas Grimshaw last-named.
In the time of Henry VIII one George Grimshaw resided upon a copyhold estate at Moor Hills in the Forest. He was apparently the father of Richard Grimshaw, to whom documents printed below refer. George Grimshaw died before the year 1554, when his widow, Ann Grimshaw, was living. She had a suit with Richard Grimshaw, probably her son, in the Duchy Court, as to her widow’s share of her husband’s goods and chattels. In the Calendar to Pleadings in the Duchy Court the record appears: “1 and 2 Phil. and Mary (1554), Anne Grymeshay, Widow, late wife of George Grymeshay, plaintiff, against Richard Grymeshay, of Mawer Hyles, administrator of the goods of Geroge Grymeshay, deceased, defendant, in the disputed claim to the widow’s moiety of goods and chattels, the defendant claiming by deed of gift.”
Richard Grimshaw, of Moor Hills, also described as of New House in Pendle Forest, who is first met with as above in the year 1554 and was evidently either son or brother of George Grimshaw, occurs at several dates in the 54 years between the first allusion and the date of his death in 1608. Besides the copyhold of Moor Hills, which he had no doubt in succession to George Grimshaw, Richard Grimshaw acquired in conjunction with Nicholas Halsted, a freehold in Twiston, near Downham, by conveyance from Richard Asheton, Esq., lord of Downham. This was before 1559; for in the 2nd Elizabeth, Richard Grymeshawe and Nicholas Halstide, claiming by conveyance from Richard Asshetown (Assheton) had a suit-at-law with Thomas Bentown (Bentham) and Richard Cauverly, respecting the estate of “Twistown,” consisting of a messuage, with lands, pasture, and appurtenances. Three years afterwards (1562), the same plaintiffs sued Thomas Bentham to obtain possession of a tenement in Downham, claimed by plaintiffs by conveyance from Richard Assheton. Richard Grimshaw is named again, this time as tenant under Ightenhill Manor, in the 13th Elizabeth (1570), when there was a litigation in the Duchy Court, between Anne Towneley and Edward Towneley her son, claiming by descent of inheritance, and John Towneley, Richard Grimshaw, and others, the Queen’s Tenants of the town of Burnley, for possession of “a capital messuage and lands called Royell and Rycelhill [now called Royle, below Burnley], and other specified lands in Burnley, Pendle Forest, &c., and as to right of way through Filly Close to Royhill Wood and Blind Lane, over the common of Saxefield to the Town of Burnley. In the 19th Elizabeth (1576) there was a suit in the Duchy Court of Lancaster, wherein John Towneley, Esq., was plaintiff, and Richard Grymshawe defendant, with respect to ownership of a messuage and appurtenances called Mawrehills and Filly Close, in Pendle Forest, within the Manor of Ightenhill. In the 34th Elizabeth (1591), Richard Grymeshay or Grimeshaw, Christopher Jackson, Greave of Pendle Forest, John More, and Richard Kepax, were plaintiffs in the Court of th eDucy, against John Nutter, in right of William Radcliffe, in a claim to right of Free and Royal Highway to Church, Fairs, and Markets, and particularly to the Chamber of Pendle or Housecliffe, in the Manor of Ightenhill. Dated 30th June, 2nd Elizabeth (1559), is a deed of partition between Richard Grimshaw of Mawerhiles and Nicholas Halsted of Northwood of lands in Twiston and Downham; and on the 31st January, 2nd Eliz., the said Nicholas Halsted gives a release to Richard Grimshaw. Richard Grimshaw must have been twice married; and his first marriage must have taken place not later than from 1550 to 1560, for he had a granddaughter married before 1603. By his first wife (who was perhaps a Coulthurst, for Richard Grimshaw names Henry Coulshurst as his brother), he had know issue a daughter, who became the wife of one Killingbeck, and had sons, Robert and William, and a daughter Jane. Richard Grimshaw’s second wife was Ellen, daughter of Thomas Emott, gent. of Emott Hall, near Colne. This member of the Emotts is before any named in the pedigree of the Emotts in the “History of Whalley” (new edition), and he had sons, John Emott (of Emott, gent., in 1600), and William Emott of Wycoller, living in 1608. Thomas Emott the father is named as of Emott in a list of free tenants dated 1584. By Ellen Emott, his second wife, Richard Grimshaw had issue two daughters, Jenet, who was wife of John Woodroffe of Burnley (she died before her father), and Elizabeth, who was only surviving daughter and heir of Richard Grimshaw, unmarried when the father died, but whose subsequent marriage will be hereafter noticed.
Richard Grimshaw, though only ranking as a yeoman, by some means or other (perhaps in trade) possessed himself of considerable money, and at his death, as seen in the inventory below, he had some hundreds of pounds owing to him by several of the most important local gentry. In 1580 he purchased estates at Stainton and Bank Newton, in Craven, co. York. In 1594, as attested by an inscription printed hereafter, he rebuild for his residence the house at Higham Booth in Pendle Forest, subsequently known as “The Fence,” and “Hachiller House,” but in the time of its builder called “New House.” Richard Grimshaw died about midsummer, in 1608. He was a very old man, very likely nearly, if not more than, 80 years old when he died; for we have seen above that he was in possession of his estate at Moorhills in 1554, which was 54 years before his decease. His youngest daughter Elizabeth was, however, still in her nonage in 1608. The documents appended, which include Richard Grimshaws Will, the Inventory &c. have been transcribed from copies lent to the Editor of this sketch by Mr. William Haworth, of Fence in Pendle.
On the 26th November, 45 Eliz. (1603) was signed a deed of feoffment from Richard Grimshaw to [William?] Emmett, and William Stephenson, of Height, in Pendle; limitation to the use of the heirs of the body of said Richard Grymeshay lawfully begotten or to be begotten, and of Ellen, the wife of the said Richard Grymeshay; and for default of such issue, to the said feoffees, &c., to the use of Robert Killingbeck, William Killingbeck, and Jane, the wife of the said William Stephenson, grandchildren of the said Richard Grymeshay, and of their heirs for ever, &c.
The Will of Richard Grimshaw, dated June, 1608, reads as follows:
“In the name of God, amen; the sixt day of June, in the sixt year of the raigne of our sovaigne Lord James by the grace of God Kinge of Englande, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland xlith, Defender of the Faith, &c. Ano dni 1608. I Richard Grimeshey of Mawer-hills in Pendell, in the countie of Lancaster, yeoman, being aiged and weake in bodie but of good and pfect remembrance, laud and praise be unto Almightie God, doe make and ordaine this my psent last Will and Testament, in mann and forme followinge, that is to saie, first and principallie I comit my soule into the hands of Almightie God, who created it and ynfused it into my bodie, and into whose hands I recommend it againe, having a constant and stedfast fayth in Jesus Christ my maker and Redeemer by whose death and bitter passion wch he once suffered for me and all mankinde, I trust to be saved and to inherit those endless joyes wch he hath ppared from before all eternitie for those that love and feare his name and there with all the blessed angells, and saintes of God Praise his Holie name for evmore, even so come Lord Jesus! And I comitte my bodie to Christian buriall, to be buryed within the Chappell or Church of Burneley ale Bunley accordinge to the discretion of my exequitrix herein herafter named or of other my loving friends, and further also I do hereby revoke and make voide all and all manner of former Wills and Testaments at any type heretofore by me intended or made, and doe hereby make, declare, and publish this my present last Will and Testament touchinge and concerninge all and evy my freehould and copiehoulde and customarie messuages, landes, tenements, and hereditaments herein hereafter menconed, and concerninge all and evy my goods, chattells, debtes, credits, and rightes, in manner and forme hereafter followinge, and whereas heretofore I have surrendered such and soe much of my said copiehoulde and customarie lands and tenements within the forrest and chase of Pendell aforesaid as are of the yerlie rent o ftwelve shillings and one penny dou to our said sovaigne Lord the Kings Matie that now is unto Willm Emmotte of Wicoller in the countie of Lancaster and unto William Stevenson of the Height in Pendell aforeseaid yeoman, and their heirs for ever, to the intente that the said William Emmotte and Willm Stevenson and theire heires shal be thereof and therin estated in trust and thereof stand and be fyned and seazed to such uses, intents, purposes, condicons, limitacons, and meaninge as by the said Richard Grimshey should be declared, specified, menconed, and published in and by my last Will and Testament. And whereas also I the said Richard Grimshey heretofore have also surrendered certeyne other pcells of my said copiehoulde or customarie landes, tenements, and hereditaments within the Forrest or Chase of Pendell aforesaid of the yerely rent of two shillings due to our said Sovereigne Lord the Kings Matie that now is, to the said Willm Emotte and his heires for ever to the intente that the said William Emmotte and his heirs should be estated therein in trust and stand and be fyned and nkindseized
thereof to such use, intents, purposes, provisions, lymitacons, condicons, and meaninges as by the said Richard Grimeshaye should also be thereof declared, specified, menconed, and published in and by my last Will and testament, Nowe and therefore for and concerninge all my said copiehould and customarie landes and tenements within the said Forrest and Chase of Pendell aforesaid, soe sevallie surrendered as aforesaid, I doe thereof and of evy pte and pcell thereof by this my last Will and Testamente declare, specifie, mencon, and publish that all and evrie the same copiehould and customarie messuages, lands, tenements, and premisses shal be and that the sevall surrenders thereof shal be construed adjudged and taken to be and the said sevall psons that therof afore menconed to stand fyned and seazed shall thereof stand and be seazed to the use of me the said Richard Grimshey for and duringe the terme of my natural life, and ymediately from and after my death to the use of Ellen my nowe wife for and during the nonage of my heirs or heires of her bodie begotten. If she the said Ellen doe keepe herself sole aud unmarried, and if it shall be fortune my said heire or heires of her bodie to die before the accomplishment of the full age of twenty-one yeares, then from and after such death of my said heire or heires, to the use of the said Ellen for and duringe the term of her naturall life and from and after the determination of the said terme or estate or sevall termes or estates, respectively thereof afore lymited unto the said Ellen, then of and in ___evrie the said copiehould and customarie ptmisses to ___ the use of the heire of the bodie of me the said Richard Grimeshey [by Ellen my now wife], and her default of such issue, unto the use of the right heirs, &c., me the said Richard Grimeshey and their heirs for ever; and I doe further hereby devise and signifie, will, and declare that as well the said William emmotte and William Stevenson and the survivor of them and their heirs be, continue, remayne, and stand estated and fyned and seized of all the said copiehoulde landes of the said yerely rent of twelve shillinges and one penie to our said sovaigne Lord the Kings Matie to all such uses, intents, condicons and meanings as before to all such uses, intents, condicons and meanings as before in this my psent Will is expressed, as also that the said William Emmotte and his heirs shall be, contynue, remayne and stande estated fyned, and seazed of the said pcell of land of the yerelie rent of two shillings to our said Sovaigne Lord on the Kings Matie to all such uses, intents, condicons and meaninges as before in this my present last Will is expressed; and whereas also I the said Richard Grimeshey by and by force of a certeyne indenture bearing date the one and twentie of September in the two and twentie yere of the reigne of our late Sovaigne Lady Elizabeth late Queen of England of famous memorie am now lawfullie estated and seazed in revertion or remayneder of the inheritance of all those landes, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever with th appurtenances in Stainton and Bank Newton in Craven in the Countie of York now in the tenure and occupacon of me th said Richard Grimeshey or of all my assignes or otherwise, the same landes, tenements, and last before menconed premises stande and are estated, conveyed, and assured from and after the death of Jennet my late daughter and nowe deceased and of the heirs of her
bodie by John Woodrofe her late husband to such uses, behoofs, purposes, intents, and limitacons as I the said Richard Grimeshey shall expresse, appoint, lymitte, and declare in and by my last Will and testament in writinge, Nowe therefore I the said Richard Grimeshey do devise, will, declare, publishe, lymitte, and appointe, and my wil is that the same estate in revertion and remainder and all and everie estate thereof formerly made or hereafter by me made and all the right, title, and demand whatsoever of me the said Richard Grimeshey of in and to all the said landes, tenements, and heridatiments with th appurtenances in Stainton and Banke-newton aforesaid shalbe and remayne unto and to the use and behoofe of the heires of the bodie of me the said Richard Grimeshey lawfully begotten [by the said Ellen, his wife] and for default of such issue, unto the right heirs of the bodie of me the said Richard Grimshey and to their heirs for ever. Item, concerning the disposition of my said goodes, chattels, rightes, and debtes shall be divided into three equall ptes, whereof one third parte I doe hereby declare to be due and accordinglie doe devise, will and bequeth the same unto the said Ellen my said wife, and one other third parte thereof unti my daughter Elizabeth Grimshey, and all the rest and residue thereof my funall expences being therof discharged, unto the said Elizabeth my said daughter, together with all other my goodes and chattells not hereby before or otherwise bequeathed, and lastlie I constitue, ordaine, nominate, make and appoint Ellen my said wife my sole Executrix of this my present last Will and Testament; hereunto I have put to my mahde and seale the day and year first above written. These being witnesses of this my present last Will Richard Brearley, James Fouldes, Bartholomew Dickinson, Xpofer Wilson.”
Richard Grimshaw the testator died soon after the execution of this Will, which was proved in the Prerogative Court of York on the 29th November, 1608 by the oath of Ellen Grimshey, Widow, the Relief, the sole Executrix therein named, to whom porbate was granted, she having been first sworn duly to administer. The subjoined Inventory of the personal effects of Richard Grimshaw affords some curious items:
“A true Inventore indentede of all and singular the goods, chattels, debtes, substances, and sumes of monie moveable and immoveable of Richard Grimshey, late of Maurhills deceasede prisede by Roger Winckley, gent., Abraham Coulthirate, John Starkkey, and Barnard Robinson, the seventhe day of November, Ano Regni Dai nri Jacobi dei gracia Anglia ffrancia et Hibnia Regis sexto et Scotia xliith fidei defensoris, &c. Ano dni 1608, as followeth.
In primise in Beddinge
xxviij li. [£]
Itm in Table clothes and Table napkines and some other hewe Linnen to coole
Itm in Puther [pewter] of all sortes
Itm in wooden vessels of all sortes with Trenchers and Dishes
Itm twoe Saltinge Tables
Itm one Bedstocke and Tables, Formes, Stowles, and Chares
Itm in Quishings of all sorts
Itm in Arkes and Chestes
Itm in Tande [tanned] Lether
Itm sixteen silver spoones
Itm in Woll and new Wollen clothe
Itm chimley and spits, racks, one chasing dishe, tow saddels, one scamer, one sticking knife, one choping knife, one Bras Morter and Tangs
xxvij s. viij d.
Itm Butter and Chese
Itm in Malte
Itm in Wheales, Wanes, Raithes, Yokes, and Teams
iij li. xviij s.
Itm in ould Timber and new Timber at the New House
Itm one pair of Lowmes [looms]
vj s. viij d.
Itm one Stone Troughes at Newe House
vj s. viij d.
Itm five Stone Troughes, one grinstone and the iron of it
vj s. viij d.
Itm towe plowes and the irone and tow harrowes
xiij s. iiij d.
Itm in Hay, Corne, wheat, and barley
Itm twelve kine
Itm sex oxen and towe steares
x li. x s.
Itm Tenne Calfes
vii ii. xiij s. viij d.
Itm one fatt Cowe
Itm five horsses and meares, saddells and wantives [?]
Itm two Swine
Itm nine Sheepe
ij li. xiij s. iiij d.
Itm eightene Secks one windowe sheet
ij li. vis. iiij d.
Itm sives, Riddels, Scuttels, raks, pickforks, shouls, and muckforks
Itm in cooles [coals]
vj s. viij d.
Itm one gavelocke one hacke one axe three wimbles and spaides
Itm geese, hennes, cappons, and Turkes
Itm sithes, sickels, hookes, and salte
xiij s. iiij d.
Itm roopes, Trasses and harrowings swingle-trees
iij s. iiij d.
Itm Backstone Dawnd, spitell, Baybred, boutlclothe sheares, and sho-harne
iiij s. iiij d.
Itm in his appell [apparel]
v li. xiij s. iiij d.
The inventore of the Goods at Huber.
In primis in hay and corne
Itm in plowes, one harrowe, waines, and wheeles, pichforkes, yockes, one teame, one axe, and wackeforkes, one spaid, one boult and shackley
ij li. vj s. viij d.
Itm in towe oxen and foure kine and foure heffers and iiij calfes
xxxiij li. x s.
Itm in xj stirkes xv s. Twinters and eight Steares
Itm one foale and one swine
ij li. x s.
Itm in the barne and without, hemp and yarne
xiij s. iiij d.
Itm in geese, hennes, and Turkes
Itm Beddings and bedstokes
ij li. xiij s. iiij d.
Itm in Puther [pewter] and Brasse
Itm in wodden vessels
Itm in Oakes
xxxvij s. iiij d.
Itm one sithe and sickels
Itm Butter and cheese
Itm in meale and maite
Itm in Table, formes, cheres, stowles, treat, and dishborde
Itm one chimley and tonges
Itm Backstone and bagreade
Itm salte and sives
Itm in cheespresses and other att. both places
Debts owinge by the said Deceased at the tyme of his deathe.
In Primis, by Edward Moore by a Bill
c li. (£100)
Itm by the Executors of Raiphe Boucher of Beningbroughe Knight
Itm by Richard Townley of Townley Esquire the sum of
Itm by the Executors of Briane Hardwicke of Potternewton, Esquire
Itm by Gilbard Stable of Potternewton the sume of
Itm by John Eastwoode and Thomas Sheppard of Burnley the sume of
xj li. vj s. viii d.
Itm by Thomas Houlden of Witton and George Talbott of Car the sume of
Itm by my father-in-lawe Thomas Emotte the sume of
Itm by George Spenser in lent monies the sume of
Itm by Christopher Kendell in lent monie the sume of
Itm by George Cromehey for a cow the sume of
xv s. iiij d.
Itm by Edmunde Sharpe in lent monie the sume of
Itm by John Hargraves of Swinden in lent monie the sume of
Itm by John Willson, for two oxen his at Midsomer
Itm by John Talbott, Esquire, for oxen the sume of
xxx li. x s.
Itm by Richard Bucke the sume of
xxxiv li. x s.
Itm by John Hargreaves of Barrowforde the sume of
Itm by John Cronkshey the remainder of the price of a cow the sume of
v s. iiij d.
Itm by George Duckworthe, for skins, the sume of
Itm by Henrie Coulthirste my brother for two oxen the sume of
Itm by Richard Ffenton for wheat the sume of
liij s. iiij d.
Itm by the Executors of John Towneley late of Towneley deceased, the sume of
Itm by James Ellis for tow cads the sume of
xx s. 10 d.
Itm by John Ormerode the sume of
iij li. x s.
Itm by Robte Windell the sume of
xilj li. x s.
Itm by Thomas Ewers the sume of
v li. x s.
Itm by Robte Killingsbecke the sume of
Itm by Willm Stevensone the sume of
Itm by the Executors of Henrye Moors
Itm laide for the for the reparinge of the newe bridge
v li. xiij s.
Itm by Firancis Car the sume of
xiiij li. ix s.
Itm by Richard Rushton the sume of
Totall of this Inventorie £938 16s. 10d.
After the death of Richard Grimshaw, an inquisition was taken in the 7th James I. (1609), respecting his freehold estate, which showed that Richard Grymeshawe, had died seized of messuages, lands, &c. in Twiston. His daughter Elizabeth being under age, on the 6th February, 1609-10, her uncle, William Emott, was appointed as a guardian “of the person and estate of Elizabeth Grimshaw, daughter of Richard Grymeshaw, gent., deceased.” Before 1619 the heiress had married Thomas Walmesley, gent., of Coldcoates, near Clitheroe, and by this marriage the estate of Richard Grimshaw in Pendle Forest, &c., was acquired by the Walmesleys of that branch, who held it for about 120 years. In the 17th James I., 1619, is dated a Surrender of Robert Walmesley of Coldcoats to his son Thomas Walmesley, Alexander Emott, and others, to secure a sum of £400 for the daughters of his son Thomas Walmesley by Elizabeth Grimshaw, in case of no male issue. This instrument makes reference to a marriage settlement. Another Surrender of the same date is from Robert Walmesley to Alexander Emott and George Emott, as a security to procure a release from his son Thomas Walmesley, when of age, to his wifes relations for all portions to him on her account. It is therein stated that Ellen Grimshaw, Richards Widow had married John Nutter. Dated 20th November, 21st James (1623), is a conveyance from Alexander Emott and John Hargreaves to Thomas Walmesley and Elizabeth his wife, late Elizabeth Grimshaw. The schedule of title deeds delivered up to Elizabeth Walmesley, late daughter of Richard Grimshaw, by her late guardians, includes nine court copy surrenders relating to land in Pendle Forest; an indenture and counterpart to lands inn Twiston, &c.; a deed relating to lands in Downham; and several other indentures concerning lands in Twiston, Downham, Mearley, and Rimington.
The house at Fence in Higham booth in Pendle Forest, built by Richard Grimshaw, gent., and then called “New House,” has over its doorway this inscription:
KNOW THY SE
LE HONOR THY
PRINCE N H.
The last initials “N H” may be those of Nicholas Halsted. The “New House” at later dates was designated “Fence House” and “Hachillar House.” It remained with the Walmesleys of Coldcoates and Bashall until 1737, when Richard Walmesley of Bashall, Esq., in conjunction with John Walmsley his brother, sold “the messuage or dwelling-house called by the name of the Fence, with barn and other buildings, garden, fold, and several closes and parcels of land,” which with other tenements named Dickinson House and the Wellhead, all situate within Higham Booth, were subject to the yearly copyhold rent of 14s, 6d. A subsequent possessor, Richard Smith of Pendle, piece-maker, purchased, in 1762, the messuage called the Fence, with lands &c.; and his descendant, John Smith, byhis Will dated Dec. 26th, 1828, devised to trustees this estate, then described as a messuage called “The Fence House or Hew Atchelor House,” with the buildings and hereditaments thereto belonging.
The sketch of later descents of the Grimshaw family will be resumed in The Guardian of next Saturday.
It was shown in our first paper on the Grimshaws, that Richard Grimshaw, gent., of New House and Moor Hills in Pendle Forest, who died in 1608, left no male issue. The descent of the modern family of Grimshaws, a branch of which was established in Preston, is traced down from Nicholas Grimshaw of Heyhouses, in Pendle Forest, who was living in 1584. There can be no question that Nicholas Grimshaw of Heyhouses, and Richard Grimshaw of New House, were near kinsmen; I conjecture they were brothers, although there is no direct proof on that point. The tenements they held in copyhold were contiguous, and they were contemporaries, Nicholas Grimshaw, however, died several years earlier than Richard Grimshaw. Heyhouses, where these Grimshaws were seated for
several generations, is an ancient hamlet in the heart of Pendle Forest, at the base of Padiham Heights on the north side, and closely adjoining the old hamlet of Sabden (which has been robbed of its name and significance by the comparatively modern manufacturing village of Sabden Bridge, lower down the glen). Four hundred years ago this hamlet of Heyhouses was founded, for it is recorded that certain charterers of the Forest, appealing to the commissioners of Edward IV., accused “Ric. Radclyffe, squyer, for making a town upon a tenement called ye Heyhouses, where he had no right without the Kynges staff.” Nicholas Grimshaw of Heyhouses had a son and heir, Thomas Grimshaw, to whose use , in the 36th Elizabeth, he surrendered his copyhold estate. The date of Nicholas Grimshaws death has not been stated.
Thomas Grimshaw, of Heyhouses, held the same copyhold estate during his lifetime, in succession to his father Nicholas, and in the year 1622 he surrendered the tenement in the interest of his son and heir, who was named Nicholas.
Nicholas Grimshaw, after his father, held the tenement at Heyhouses nearly thirty years, until his death in the year 1651. He was buried at Whalley Church. Margaret his wife, who survived him nineteen years, was buried at Whalley in 1670. He had issue, sons John and Nicholas.
John Grimshaw, eldest son, was residing at Pendleton in October, 1652, when he was found to be heir to his deceased father. Subsequently he assumed the tenancy of the paternal property at Heyhouses, and had issue. His younger brother was
Nicholas Grimshaw, of Heyhouses, who was born in 1636, and baptised at Padiham Chapel Oct. 9th in that year. He eventually settled at Fence Yate (or Gate) in West Close Booth, a portion of the Forest south of Higham, east of Padiham. He married at Burnley, in 1664, Isabel, daughter of [? Myles] Whitaker of Symonstone, and by her had three sons, John, Nicholas, and Christopher. The father, Nicholas Grimshaw, died at the age of 71, in May, 1708, and was buried at Padiham, May 14th, 1708.
Before proceeding with the account of the descendants of John Grimshaw, eldest son of the last-named Nicholas, I insert here a note on Nicholas Grimshaw, the second son; from whom descended another respectable branch, still extant in several representatives. Nicholas Whitaker, son of Nicholas is described as “of Padiham and Northwood.” He died in 1736, and his Will, dated in 1734, was proved May 25th, 1736. His wife was Anne, daughter of Thomas Grimshaw, of Oakenshaw, gent. This Thomas Grimshaw represented another collateral branch of the old stock of Grimshaws. They had a freehold estate at Oakenshaw, in Clayton-in-le-Moors. Oakenshaw is now a little town of modern cottages, but there was still standing in the place an old fashioned house, now much the worse in external aspect from age and neglect, built probably in the 16th century, with small mullioned windows, gabled roof, and porch and chimneys to match, which was once the domicile of the Grimshaws of Oakenshaw. I have a documentary reference to this branch, dated 1720, which asserts that they had then enjoyed an estate in that neighbourhood, as proved by writings above 330 years; but that they were related to the Grimshaws of Clayton Hall, bearing the same arms. There is no pedigree of the Grimshaws of Oakenshaw in any of the Visitations. Thomas Grimshaw, of Oakenshaw, was born sometime from 1630 to 1635. He married, first, Oct. 26th, 1658, Mary, daughter of John Sagar, of Habergham Eaves (and sister of Mr. Charles Sagar, master of Blackburn Grammar School, and later a notable Nonconformist minister). By her Thomas Grimshaw had a daughter, Jennet. This wife dying young, Thomas Grimshaw married secondly, 14th May, 1663, Isabel Hargreaves. By this marriage he had issue four sons, Nicholas, born Jan 4th, 1664 (who had a son, Thomas, and daughters, Sarah and Isabel); John, born Sept. 15th, 1669; Richard, born March 25th, 1672; and Thomas, born March 5th, 1775 (sic). Thomas Grimshaw, the father, had by his second wife three daughters, namely, Rebecca, born Feb. 15th, 1666, married, first, John Livesey, who died in 1708 to whom she bore sons, John Livesey, married in August, 1719, Margaret, daughter of John Hamer, of Bradshaw, and Samuel, and two daughters and secondly, Jan 25th, 1713-14, at Newchurch-in-Pendle, Rev. John Jollie, Dissenting Minister at Sparth, by whom she had no issue; she died Nov. 17th, 1720; Isabel, born May 5th, 1679; and Anne, born 5th May, 1681, married, as before stated, Nicholas Grimshaw of Padiham and Northwood. Thomas Grimshaw of Oakenshaw died in 1700, and his Will was proved in that year at Chester. Testator names a copyhold estate he had at Huncoat, which his sons John and Thomas were authorised to sell, and were to pay certain sums out of the proceeds to testators
daughters; he left all his capital messuage called Oakenshaw to his sons John and Thomas in trust for his grandson Thomas, son of testators eldest son Nicholas. The latter, Nicholas Grimshaw of Oakenshaw, in Clayton-le-Moors, yeoman, died in 1742. John Grimshaw, his brother, died at Padiham, in 1703; and Thomas Grimshaw, the younger brother, died Oct 5th, 1744, having previously sold his estate at Higham Booth to his nephew, Thomas Grimshaw of Heyhouses. This nephew was the eldest son of Nicholas Grimshaw of Northwood, by his wife Anne Grimshaw. He was born in 1703, and died June 28th, 1783: and by his wife, Margaret, daughter of John Holt of Love Clough, he had a son, Nicholas Grimshaw of Heyhouses, later of Higham, who married, first, Mary Riley of Simonstone, and secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of James Harrison, and widow of North Parker, attorney-at-law of Slaidburn; his sons were, Thomas, of Barrowford; Nicholas, of Higham; and John Grimshaw of Bank House in Higham Booth; and his daughters, Betty, wife of William Hartley of Fence Gate; Mary, wife of John Crossley, of Great House near Todmorden. A younger son of Nicholas Grimshaw of Padiham and Anne Grimshaw was Nicholas Grimshaw of Blackburn, gent., who married Susan Briercliff, and died at Belfast. His son was Nicholas Grimshaw, sometime of Blackburn, afterwards of Belfast, who was the first of a branch of Grimshaws settled in Ireland, where living representatives yet flourish.
We may now revert to the senior descent, which more immediately interests us. John Grimshaw, eldest son of Nicholas of Heyhouses,
who died in 1708, resided first at Fence Yate, and subsequently at Pumphouse in Symonstone. He died in 1745. His wife was Eleanor, daughter of Edmund Stephenson of Old Laund. The Stephensons, like the Grimshaws, are an old yeoman stock in Pendle Forest. Eleanor Stephenson, who married John Grimshaw, died Dec. 17th, 1749. John Grimshaw had six sons; and one recorded daughter (Margaret, wife of William Hudson of Skipton). Only two of the sons seem to have had male issue. The four eldest were Nicholas, born in May, 1691, died May, 1725; John, born in 1693, died in 1696; Edward, born in 1696, died about 1765; and a second John, born in 1699, died in 1742, leaving, by Alice Oxley hi wife, a daughter Mary. The two younger sons, Christopher and Thomas, were progenitors of two branches of the family, the one settled in Burnley, and recently migrated to Canada in its principal representative; the other, settled in Preston, which soon became so influential in the civic affairs of this ancient borough.
Christopher Grimshaw of Pumphouse, fifth son of John of Fence Yate, was born Feb. 2nd, 1702 and married Catherine, daughter of Richard Towneley, Esq., of Carr and Barnside. He died Feb 24th, 1747, at the age of 45, having had issue two sons, Christopher, born in 1731, died in 1732; and Thomas; and daughters, Ellen, wife of Thos. Rice of Hampstead; Margaret, wife of Thomas Owen of Manchester, architect; Anne and Catherine, both died unmarried. Thomas Grimshaw, the only surviving son, was born Nov. 17th, 1737. He sold the Pumphouse Estate in Symonstone; and practised as a surgeon in Burnley, where he died May 14th, 1797. He married Jane, daughter and co-heir of William Holt of Burnley, apothecary (she died June 17th, 1794), and had four sons, namely, Christopher, born in 1764; John, died young; Thomas Grimshaw, of Burnley, surgeon, born in 1768, died unmarried in 1820; and Nicholas Grimshaw, of Loveclough, born in 1773, died in 1830, who married Anne Slater, and was father of Thos. Grimshaw, J.P., who settled at Coburg, Ontario, Canada, in 1852, and had six sons, several of them now living. The older brother, Christopher Grimshaw, born in 1764, he did not marry, I think. On the 19th April, 1808, at the Halmot Court of the Manor of Ightenhill, Christopher Grimshaw of Burnley, gent. (eldest son and heir of Jane Grimshaw, deceased, late the wife of Thomas Grimshaw of Burnley, apothecary, deceased, which said Jane Grimshaw was one of the four surviving daughters and co-heirs of William Holt, late of Burnley, apothecary, deceased, and also one of the two surviving sisters and co-heirs of Betty Hargreaves, deceased, late the wife of the Rev. John Hargreaves, formerly Betty Blackmore, and of Nancy Holt, spinster, deceased, two other of the daughters and co-heirs of the said William Holt, deceased), and John Wright of Haslingden, gent. (eldest son and heir of Peggy Wright, deceased, wife of James Wright late of Haslingden, deceased, which said Peggy Wright, deceased, wife of James Wright late of Haslingden, deceased, which said Peggy Wright, deceased, was the fourth surviving daughter and co-heir of William Holt, deceased, and the other surviving sister and co-heir of the said Betty Blackmore deceased, and of the said Nancy Holt, deceased), surrendered into the hands of the lady of Ightenhill Manor the copyhold tenement called Hudhouse in Habergham Eaves. Christopher Grimshaw, gent., was a solicitor, practising in Burnley, where he died in 1821.
Coming now to Thomas Grimshaw, youngest son of John Grimshaw of Fence Yate and Pumphouse in Symonstone, who died in 1745, the date of his birth was January 8th, 1708-9. Being a younger son, there was no prospect of his succeeding to any portion of the landed estate held by his father and, accordingly he embraced the profession of the law, which proved a fortuitous one for him and for his two sons after him. In that profession, Preston, a ___ centre of legal business, as it was a century and a half ago, offered the most advantages to a Lancashire solicitor of any town in the county at that time. Thomas Grimshaw came hither as a young man of twenty one years or so to push his professional way. We cannot name the exact year of his advent in Preston, but it was sometime before the year 1781. He made a good commencement, socially speaking, by his marriage with the eldest daughter of a respectable Preston Merchant, who had what was then thought the comfortable sum of £200 for her portion. Her name was Mary Nock, and she was the daughter of Mr. John Nock, of Preston. Mr. John Nock was himself one who had come to Preston to enter into business here as a trader. Respecting his antecedents, we have ascertained nothing. The surname of Nock is not familiar as a local one in Lancashire. Mr. John Nock built for a residence a house near Marah Lane of respectable dimensions, but which on account of its low and damp situation and unpleasant surroundings got popularly christened “Nocks Folly,” a name which the house long retained. Mr. John Nock was a burgess of Preston before 1723, for on the 26th of August in that year we find his name among a number of persons by whom the oaths of allegiance and abjuration were taken before the Mayor and Justices. The marriage of Mr. Thomas Grimshaw with Mary, daughter of Mr. John Nock, took place in the autumn of 1789. In the possession of the proprietor of The Guardian is an interesting document in connection with the settlement of the Grimshaws in Preston. It is the original Bond given by Mr. John Nock to his intended son-in-law, Mr. Thomas Grimshaw, for the payment of £200 as a marriage portion for his daughter. The Bond is stamped with three sixpenny stamps, and reads as follows:
“Know all Men by those presents that I, John Nock of Preston, in the County of Lancaster, Merchant, am held and firmly bound to Thomas Grimshaw, of Preston aforesaid, Gentleman, in the sum of ffour Hundred and forty pounds of good and lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to the said Thomas Grimshaw or to his certain Attorney, his Execrs, Admrs, or Assigns, to which payment well and truly to be made I bind myself, my heirs, execrs, and admrs firmly by those presents. Sealed with my Seal. Dated the twenty-eighth day of September, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Thirty-nine.
“Whereas a Marriage is by Gods permission intended to be speedily had and solemnised between the above-named Thomas Grimshaw and Mary Nock, younger daughter of the above-bounden John Nock. And in case the said Marriage take effect the said John Nock hath agreed to give the said Thomas Grimshaw the sum of Two Hundred Pounds as a portion or ffortune with the said Mary, his daughter, and to find and provide for the said Thomas Grimshaw and Mary, his intended wife, meat, drink, washing, and lodging for the space of one year next ensuing the date of the above written Obligation. And whereas the said John Nock is indebted to the said Thomas Grimshaw in the sum of Twenty-one pounds of money lent by him to the said John Nock. Now, therefore, the condition of this obligation is such that if the said John Nock, his heirs, execrs, and admrs or any of them shall and do well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-0named Thomas Grimshaw, his Execrs, Admrs, or Assigns the sum of Two Hundred and Twenty-one pounds of lawful money of Great Britain o the twenty-eighth day of September next ensuing the date of these presents without ffraud or delay, Then the above written Obligation to be void or else to be in full force and vertue.”
Sealed and delivered in
John Nock (Seal).
The presence of us,
The seal attached after the signature of “John Nock” bears, not the arms of the signatory, as given by Whittle, but insignia analogous to the arms of Preston, which we presume were those of the trading company to which Mr. Nock belonged, a lamb passant, supporting a pennon charged with the emblem of the cross. According to Peter Whittle, the arms borne by John Nock, of Preston, in 1751 were “Or, on alfess table, between three leopards faces gules, as many crowns of the field.” One of the witnesses to the Bond is “Dorothy Nock” the wife, doubtless of Mr. John Nock. In the printed Grimshaw Pedigree in the History of Whalley the surname of the wife of Thomas Grimshaw and her father is misspelt “Nocks,” for the signatures of “John Nock” and “Dorothy Nock” before us clearly prove that the name was “Nock,” not “Nocks.” The document is endorsed “28th Sept., 1739, Mr. Nocks Bond for £200;” and the words are added, in the handwriting of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., “As the Marriage Portion of my Mother.” Immediately after the date of this instrument the marriage ceremony took place. The undertaking in the Bond that the father of the bride should provide for “Thomas Grimshaw and Mary his intended wife, meat, drink, washing, and lodging, for the space of one year next ensuing,” suggests to us that young Mr. Grimshaw was not, up to the date of his marriage, established in a house of his own, but that after his marriage he resided for a time under the roof of his father-in-law. It may have been at the house of Mr. Nock that Mrs. Grimshaw gave birth to her first son John, who was born within the year from the marriage in the month of July, 1740. By this marriage Thomas Grimshaw had three younger children, two sons and a daughter. The sons were Nicholas, who died in early youth; and a second Nicholas the Nicholas Grimshaw of Preston civic fame who was born on the 14th October, 1757. There was an interval of seventeen years between the birth of John Grimshaw, the first son, and of the youngest son, Nicholas. The one daughter was Mary Grimshaw, who became the wife of Lieut. Naylor, Garter King of Arms. The mother, Mrs. Mary Grimshaw, died in April, 1762, when her youngest son Nicholas was only between four and five years old.
The professional career of Mr. Thomas Grimshaw supplies no remarkable incidents. He evidently prospered steadily as a solicitor, and in course of time became a considerable personage in the town of his adoption. Between 1750 and 1760 he first appears as taking part in the towns business. We find his name in the record of burgesses who subscribed the oaths of allegiance and abjuration in the years 1754, 1756, 1760, 1768, and 1769. He served the Corporate office of Bailiff in 1754. He was a councillor of Preston Corporation some years before 1768, when, on 1st of August in that year, he was elected an alderman in the place of Thomas Starkie, gent., who had died on the 4th of July previously, and at the same time his son, John Grimshaw, gent., was elected a councillor in the place of his father. Thomas Grimshaw, gent., was elected Mayor of Preston in the latter end of 1768, and served for the year 1768-9. He was again chosen Mayor for the year 1775-6; and at the Guild of 1782 he served the office of Steward. He lived to see both his sons, John and Nicholas, assuming honourable positions in the borough, and he died in July 1787, in the 79th year of his age.
In The Guardian of next Saturday will be given a notice of John Grimshaw, Esq. Four times Mayor of Preston, and his family.
John Grimshaw, eldest son of Mr. Thomas Grimshaw of Preston, was born, as previously mentioned, at Preston, in the month of July, 1740. After his education, which probably was at the Grammar School in Preston, he entered his father’s office, being destined for the paternal profession of the law. On reaching manhood he commenced to practice at Preston as a solicitor on his own account. In the year 1762, at the age of 22, Mr. John Grimshaw served as one of the Bailiffs of the Borough of Preston at the Guild in that year. This was his first corporate appointment. In 1761 he took the prescribed oaths of allegiance and abjuration; and we find him again taking the oaths in 1763, and in 1768, at a session of the Borough Court, held Jan. 11th, at the house of William Dawson of Preston, innkeeper, the name of John Grimshaw occurs among those who took the new oaths of allegiance and abjuration imposed by the
Government in 1766. John Grimshaw, gent., was elected a Councillor of the Borough on the 1st August, 1768, in the place of his father, who was at the same time elevated to the bench of Aldermen. At the Guild of 1782, Mr. John Grimshaw appears in high civic office as an Alderman of Preston; and shortly after the close of the Guild, on the termination of the term of office of Mr. Richard Atherton, Guild Mayor in that year, Alderman John Grimshaw was for the first time elected Mayor of Preston for the year 1782-3 He was then aged 42. From this date he was a chief Member of the Corporation during fifty years. After the lapse of six years, John Grimshaw, Esq., was appointed Mayor a second time in October, 1788. He fulfilled the office on this, as on the former occasion, with dignity and credit; and eleven years subsequently, in October 1799, Alderman John Grimshaw was for the third time elected Mayor of Preston. At the Guild of 1802, when his younger brother Nicholas was Mayor, John Grimshaw, Esq., officiated as one of the Stewards of the Guild. The fourth and last occasion of Alderman John Grimshaws fulfilment of the office of Mayor was in the year 1806-7. He completed his 67th year during his last term of the Mayoralty. He still continued to serve the office of Alderman for a good many years after that date; until, about the year 1820, having reached the age of eighty, John Grimshaw, Esq., resigned the office of Alderman and withdrew from the Civic Council. He sustained, before his resignation, the venerated position of Father of the Corporation, being considerably the oldest member of the Council, in which he had held a place without intermission during more than fifty years. Not long after his resignation, the Mayor and Council, in order to mark their high estimation of one who had served the borough so long and so well, subscribed a handsome sum, with which was purchased a valuable piece of plate, the presentation of which to Mr. John Grimshaw was made in January, 1821. This testimonial was inscribed as follows:
“To John Grimshaw, Esquire, late Senior Alderman of the Corporation of Preston, and one of his Majestys Justices of the Peace for that Borough; who, for a long series of years, supported the rights and interests of the body corporate, and promoted the peace and welfare of the borough in general, with equal ability, integrity, and zeal, this Cup is presented as a token of gratitude for his public services, and of esteem and regard for his private character, by the Mayor, Aldermen, and capital Burgesses of the Borough, in Common Council assembled.”
The veteran Burgess did not long survive the receipt of this tribute by the Mayor and Council to his worth and his service to the town. John Grimshaw died in his 81st year, on the 12th of March, 1821.
Mr. John Grimshaw married Penelope, daughter of Mr. Edmund Shuttleworth of Horrocksford, near Clitheroe. By her he had issue two sons and four daughters. His first son was born in 1777, and was christened Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshaw, taking for his second name the maternal surname. Of this son a further notice is given below. The second son was named John Nock Grimshaw, the second of his names being the surname of his grandmother, Mary Nock. Mr. John Nock Grimshaw died, it is stated, without issue, in the year 1836. He held the office of Bailiff of the borough in the same year (1806) in which his father was last time Mayor. The daughters of John Grimshaw, Esq., were, Penelope, wife of Lieut. Col. Sir Joseph Brook, Bart.; Anne, first wife of Charles Greenway, Esq., of Ardwick and Darwen. (Her obituary occurs: “1827. April 26. Ann, wife of Charles Greenway, Esq., and daughter of the late John Grimshaw Esq., of Preston, aged 39.”) Dorothea, third daughter, married Mr. Charles Walker; and the fourth daughter, Loiusa Grimshaw, became the wife of Charles Butler Cole of Kirkland, Esq.
Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshaw, eldest son of John Grimshaw, Esq., and born in Preston in the year 1777, was a clergyman of considerable repute as an author and a scholar. He took the degree of M.A. at the University (I do not note whether it was Oxford or Cambridge), and entering holy orders, was beneficed at Biddenham, Co. Bedford, in the yar 1808. Soon after he obtained, without
resigning Biddenham, the rectory of Burton Latimer, Co. Northampton, Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshaw (he adopted the final “e” at the end of his surname) was a prominent member of what was called the “evangelical” section in the Church of England in the first half of the present century. His first essays in authorship were two or three pamphlets, of which the one which attracted the most notice was the following, which arose out of a dispute the writer had with the Bishop of Peterborough (Marsh), respecting the appointment of a curate:.
“The Wrongs of the Clergy of the Diocese of Peterborough stated and illustrated. By the Rev. T.S. Grimshaw, M.A., Rector of Burton, Northamptonshire, and vicar of Biddenham, Bedfordshire.” London, Seeley. 1822. 8 vo
This pamphlet elicited a retort, entitled “A Refutation of Mr. Grimshawes Pamphlet,” &c., wherein it is mentioned that the curate nominated by Mr. Grimshawe in June, 1820, had been refused a license by Bishop Marsh on his refusal to submit to examination, upon which Mr. Grimshawe threatened to petition Parliament, &c. There was a very sharp dispute between Mr. Grimshawe and his diocesan on this matter. One of the Rev. T.S. Grimshawes pamphlets was printed in Preston, by T. Walker, entitled “An Exposition of the Principles of the Established Church, defined and explained according to the doctrine and principles of Dr. Calvin.” His larger publications were biographical, and were “Memoirs of the Rev. Legh Richmond, A.M.,: &c., 8 vo., pp. 662; and “The Works of William Cowper. The Life and Letters by W. Hayley, Esq.; now first completed by the Introduction of Cowpers Private Correspondence. Edited by Rev. T.S. Grimshawe, M.A..” 8 vols. 1835-6.
Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshaw married Charlotte Anne, daughter of George Livius, Esq., of Caldwell Priory, Co. Bedford. (This lady survived him only a few months, and died June 28th, 1851.) He had issue two sons; the first, Mr. John Barham Grimshawe, died unmarried, at Trinity College, Cambridge, in the year 1835; the second, Charles Livius Grimshawe is again named hereafter. Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshaw had also several daughters, to whom the eldest, Augusta Emily, married, Feb. 22nd, 1848, the Rev. Bolingbroke Seymour, only son of Eyre Seymour, Esq., of Eyres Court, Galway; and the second daughter, Georgina, married, Oct. 30th, 1849, Legh Richmond, Esq., of Riversdale, Ashton-under-Lyne, the son, I believe, of the celebrated clergyman and author, Rev. Legh Richmond, whose memoir had been written by the Rev. T.S. Grimshaw. The latter clergyman died at Biddenham, Feb 17th, 1850. The subjoined obituary sketch of the character of the Rev. T.S. Grimshawe was published in The Gentlemans Magazine for May, 1850: Feb. 17th, 1850 died at the Vicarage, Biddenham, Besds., in his 73rd year, the Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshawe, A.M., R.S.A., and M.B.S., Vicar of Biddenham (from 1808) , and late Rector of Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire (1809). This gentleman was a native of Preston, in Lancashire, and eldest son of the late John Grimshawe, Esq., many years senior alderman and several times Mayor of the Borough. A clergyman for many years distinguished by his pious zeal and activity in the Jewish and Church Missionary cause, he was the esteemed friend of the Rev. Charles Simeon, Edward Bickersteth, and Dr. Marsh. His characteristic interest in the conversion of the Jews impelled him, at the age of 60 years, to visit Palestine; and his subsequent addresses at the public meetings of his favourite societies derived a peculiar charm from his graphic, earnest recital of the incidents which accompanied his tour. He was universally loved, respected, and esteemed, not only by his own parishioners, amongst whom he laboured with unceasing zeal and affection; but by every one who had the pleasure of being acquainted with him. But it was in the deep interest and untiring efforts manifested in behalf of those societies having for their object the propagation of the Gospel, and the spread of Evangelical truth, that Mr. Grimshawe, especially signalised himself. His favourite society was that for promoting Christianity among the Jews; and it is well known how he laboured for the peace of Israel, and for making known to that remarkable people those saving truths which were his stay and support through life. He was the author of (1) The Life of the Rev. Legh Richmond, (2) The Life and Works of William Cowper, Esq. In 8 volumes, 1835-6. This work was reviewed in our vol. III., p. 568, vol. IV., 339-345, 601-3, and its literary defects plainly pointed out; but though immediately followed by the more aspiring criticisms of Southey, it is said to be now in its third edition. Mr. Grimshawe undertook the task, regarding the object of his labours as The Poet of Christianity; and his edition has probably been supported by purchasers who have wished to view their favourite with the same partial and confiding admiration. The following notice of Mr. Grimshawe was read at the last meeting of the Syro-Egyptian Society: At this society, we had to deplore the loss of one of our earliest patrons, John Barker, Esq., of Aleppo, formerly the Consul-General of Syria, and we have on this occasion to regret the decease of one of our learned members, the Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth Grimshawe, an accomplished scholar, who was respected by every person who had the honour and pleasure of his acquaintance. He was a gentleman of much literary attainment, of pure classic taste. Possessing much refinement of mind, he attached a high degree of importance to ancient history, and to those branches of knowledge, and of science, which proceed from those countries to which the attention of this society is more particularly directed. And a few years ago, with much spirit, at the age of about 70 years, he undertook a voyage to Egypt, and as ended the Nile to Thebes, and subsequently visited Jerusalem and the adjacent parts of the Holy Land; and he was accustomed to speak of the chronological and architectural wonders, and of the objects of natural history, which he had seen in his travels, with delight and enthusiasm. He was a man of great brilliancy of thought, and liberal in his opinions on matters relating to the ordinary subjects of life; and of enlightened views, of elegant manners, and most courteous in his demeanour. A large circle of relations and friends and neighbours now lament his decease. “
The present representative of the branch of Grimshaws of Preston descending from John Grimshaw, Esq., of Preston, who died in 1821, is his grandson, the son of Rev. T.S. Grimshawe, described in the family record as Charles Livius Grimshawe, of Tottington Hall, Co. Lancaster, and of Goldington and Aspley Guise, Co. Bedford, J.P., and served the office of High Sheriff of Bedfordshire in 1866. That gentleman married, first, Jemima Lucy, daughter of Thomas Ward Broughton Leigh, of Brownsover, Co. Warwick (she died without issue), and, secondly, Emily Mary, daughter of Sir Charles Gillies Payne, Bart., of Blackburn House, Co., Bedford, by whom he has had issue, sons, Charles Barham Fitz Payne Grimshaw, Edmund Salusbury Payne Grimshawe, and Arthur Grimshargh Cecil Grimshawe; and a daughter, Emma Geraldine Effie.
The street in Preston called Grimshaw street, which branches out of Church street on the south side a short distance to the east of the Parish Church, is certainly named after one member of the Grimshaw family we are noticing, but we are unable to say as to whether it was in compliment to John Grimshaw, Esq., or to his brother, Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., that the street was named Grimshaw street. Perhaps the compliment was meant for both the brothers, or for the family collectively, including their sire, Thomas Grimshaw, Esq. It may be, also, that some reader of these sketches can supply the year in which Grimshaw street was opened out. It was, we think, before the end of the last century. The first Independent Chapel was build in Grimshaw street in 1808, and the street was then almost destitute of houses built to its front, from which we infer that the street had not then been very long constructed.
In The Guardian of next Saturday, Sept. 15th; the account of the Grimshaw Family will be continued, with a sketch of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., Guild Mayor of Preston in 1802 and 1822.
(Webpage Editor’s note: The date of Sept. 15 noted in the conclusion above must be in error, as that is the date of this installment, and the next Saturday was the 22nd; the fourth and final installment was indeed published on the 22nd.)
We have now to complete our account of this Important local Family by a notice of its most conspicuous member, Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., who sustained the office of Mayor of Preston no fewer than seven times, including two Guild years. Nicholas Grimshaw was the youngest son of Thomas Grimshaw, gent., attorney-at-law, of this town, and was born at Preston the 4th October 1757. Young Nicholas Grimshaw doubtless received the elements of his education at the Preston Grammar School, which was a Corporate dependant. But the records of that School have never yet been made accessible for publication, and we cannot state the time of the assumed admission of this scholar. The Preston School, however, was not one of much repute for the quality of the learning it imparted in the middle of the last century, and the father of Nicholas Grimshaw appears to have concluded that a better education would be obtained at the Manchester Grammar School, whither his younger son was sent in the beginning of the year 1779. The entry of his admission in the Register of the Manchester Grammar School runs:- “Nicholas, son of Thomas Grimshaw, attorney,, Preston, Lancashire,” admitted Jan 12th, 1773. Nicholas was then in his 16th year, so that he must have had some prior years of schooling elsewhere. Several years after his departure from the Manchester School as a scholar, Nicholas Grimshaw kept up a connection with the school, and the editor of the School Register notes that his signature appears to resolutions passed at the meeting in 1781, for the establishment of the anniversary festivals. Like his elder brother John, Nicholas Grimshaw was taken by his father into his own profession as a lawyer, and after remaining with his father a few years, opened up a legal practice of his own, which was continued over half a century. About 1780 he received appointment to the office of Acting Cursitor to the County. The father, Mr. Thomas Grimshaw, being actively associated with municipal affairs in the town, it was to be expected that the son would interest himself therein. In 1782, he was in corporate office as one of the bailiffs, and as that was the year of the Guild, the subordinate function of bailiff was of more consequence than in ordinary years. The Rev. Thomas Wilson, of Clitheroe, in a poetical letter humorously describing the Guild o f1782, refers to the Bailiffs, Robinson Shuttleworth and Nicholas Grimshaw, Esqrs., in the following couplet:-
What dignity shone in the steps of each Bailiff,
With the look of command the pomp of a Caliph!
In 1790, at the age of 33, Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw was elected a common councillor of Preston. Between 1795 and 1805, Mr. Grimshaw took a leading part in the local organisation of Volunteer Corps to defend the country against apprehended invasion by Napoleon. His service as a volunteer officer will be further noticed hereafter. He was elected an Alderman of Preston, in the place of Mr. John Horrocks, in the year 1801. In October of that year he was elected Mayor of Preston for the first time. His year of mayoralty covered the Guild Celebration of 1802. The position of Guild Mayor has always been esteemed in Preston one of honour and responsibility, to which the most accomplished member of the Municipality should be appointed. Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw had all the needful qualifications for the office – energy, address, dignity, sanvity, and a thorough knowledge of all local civic forms and usages. Mr. Grimshaw, as Mayor in 1802, spared no trouble to make the celebration brilliant and successful. Among other matters, he negotiated with Mrs. Billington, the most celebrated English singer of that time, and offered to pay her whatever terms she pleased; but Mrs. Billington, for some reason of her own, did not come to the Guild. The Earl and Countess of Derby led the fashionable county coterie who supported the Mayor at this Guild. The Town Council were so well pleased with the conduct of Mr. Grimshaw as Guild Mayor, that after the Guild was past they voted a sum of fifty guineas for a service of plate for presentation to the Mayor and Mayoress, which bore, besides the borough arms and the arms of Grimshaw, the inscription:- “The Corporation of the Borough of Preston, in Common Council assembled, impressed with a deep sense of the services rendered by Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq. and his Lady, as Mayor and Mayoress, during the Guild Merchant, 1802, offers this testimony of approbation and esteem.” Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw’s next turn in the Mayoralty was in 1808-9; and his third term was for the year 1812-13. His fourth year of Mayoralty was in 1817-18, and when the Guild of 1822 approached, it was resolved, at the election of Mayor in October, 1821, to set aside the ordinary rota of succession of the civic chair in order to secure to the town the advantage of Mr. Grimshaw’s experienced services as Guild Mayor for the second occasion. The Guild of 1822 has been considered a memorable one for the perfection of its arrangements and grandeur of its pageantry. The Guild Mayor, Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw, was now 65 years of age; and his municipal experience and social repute enabled him to command the resources of the town in any proposal he made that was designed to give eclat to the Guild. His son, Mr. Edmund Grimshaw, fulfilled the office of Mayor’s Bailiff at this Guild. The Mayor’s own enjoyment at the great event was sadly dashed by the fatality which, early in the year 1822, deprives Mr. Grimshaw of his two younger sons (as mentioned below.) In consequence of this bereavement, the Mayoress could not participate in the public proceedings of the Guild, and the place of Mrs. Grimshaw was taken in the ceremonies by her daughter, Mrs. Atkinson. At the Fancy Ball of the Guild, on September 6th, 1822, we read that – “the Lady Mayoress’s representative, Mrs. Atkinson, was elegantly dressed in white, adorned with silver and pearls, and a Spanish hat. The Mayor was present in his usual full dress.” The Mayor’s sons, “Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw, was a fine old English gentleman; Mr. Samuel Grimshaw was splendidly attired in the costume of Richard III.” At the grand Masquerade which was presented on another evening (Sept. 13th) during the Guild of 1822, it is chronicled that “the dignified and respected Mayor and the amiable and the beautiful Mayoress [Mrs. Atkinson] appeared without masks; the former in evening full dress, the latter in a white gauze dress, tastefully ornamented with bugles, a Spanish hat with a superb plume of feathers and diamonds, diamond necklace and armlets. They took their station oat the top of the great room, and most of the company paid characteristic respects to them during the evening. Mr. Atkinson, in evening full dress, Mr. Samuel Grimshaw, in the splendid dress-uniform of the 10th Lancers, and Miss Grimshaw, in an elegant fancy dress, were attached to the Mayor’s party and unmasked.” Respecting the Mayoress’s Procession, on Sept. 3rd, we read:- “At ten o’clock, Mrs. Atkinson, the lady of Richard Atkinson, Esq., of Stodday Lodge, and daughter of the Guild Mayor and Lady Mayoress, and who personated her mother on this occasion, proceeded in her carriage to the Guild Hall. Carriages followed in rapid succession, filled with the most charming of the sex,
decorated in the full costume of the ball-room, who entered the hall to pay their respects to the Lady Mayoress, to accompany her to Church, and to join in the subsequent procession.” At the Church, “Mrs. Atkinson led the magnificent train up the centre aisle; she was followed by the Countess of Derby, the Countess of Wilton, Lady Hoghton, Miss Hoghton, the Hon. Misses Stanley, and a retinue of at least 160 other ladies of the first distinction, the splendour of whose costume was only equalled by the attractive beauty of their personal charms,’ &c. Various other incidents might be reprinted of the share taken by the Mayor and the Grimshaw family in this brilliant celebration. As a memorial of this Guild a handsome silver medal was struck; upon the obverse is a profile bust in relief of the Guild Mayor, vested in the civic robes, with the words “N. Grimshaw, Esq., Mayor of Preston at the Guilds of 1802 and 1822.” On the reverse are two oval shields, bearing respectively the arms of Preston, and the arms of Grimshaw impaled with those of Haigh (the family of Mrs. Grimshaw). Surrounding the shields are the words “Insignia Ville de Preston.”
Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw continued to lead the councils of the Municipality, and in the year 1825-6 he served the office of Mayor for the sixth time. Five years subsequently, in October, 1830, he was elected Mayor of Preston for the seventh and last time. Between thirty and forty years consecutively he was an Alderman of the Borough, and for many years before his death he had been senior Alderman and “Father of the Corporation,” as his brother Alderman John Grimshaw had been before his decease in 1821. We have stated that Mr. Grimshaw was in his time the first authority on all questions of municipal law and usage – matters that in old boroughs could only be understood thoroughly by one who was master of the contents of the town’s charters and muniments, and minutely conversant with all the facts of its corporate history, as the manuscript notes Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw left behind him, some of which are in possession of the proprietor of The Guardian prove that gentleman to have been. Mr. Grimshaw was likewise a diligent searcher into the historical antiquities of the town and district, and we recently printed in these “Sketches” as a note, a letter from Mr. Edward Baines, the author of the “History of Lancashire,” to Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw, written in 1835, in which acknowledgement is made of the county historian’s large indebtedness to Mr. Grimshaw for information in the composition of his chapter on the history of Preston Parish. The collection of valuable papers and documents made by Mr. Grimshaw ought to have been secured entire for our local Shepherd Library, but they have recently been disposed of by auction sale, and have passed into the hands of several private purchasers. Such of them as have been secured for the Editor’s Library at The Guardian office have already been to some extent drawn from for documentary material illustrating local and family history, for the benefit of readers of this journal interested in such matters, and more of the same manuscripts may hereafter be utilised by citation in these columns.
Mr. Grimshaw had a good private practice as a solicitor in this town. He entered into a partnership in the law business with Mr. Richard Palmer, many years Town Clerk of Preston, and the name of Mr. Grimshaw’s younger son, Mr. Samuel Grimshaw, was added to the firm, which in 1823 appears with the style of “Grimshaw, Palmer, and Grimshaw,” practising as attorneys, at 10, Winckley street, Preston. It has before been named that Mr. Niocholas Grimshaw held from 1780 or thereabouts the public appointment of Acting Cursitor of the County of Lancaster; and from 1801 or 1802 until his death he had the appointment of Clerk to the Magistrates. he and his partner, Mr. Palmer, were jointly Clerks to the Commissioners for the Improvement of Preston. Mr. Grimshaw himself was placed in the Commission of the Peace for the County. During the shrievalty of several High Sheriffs he served the county as Under Sheriff. When he died he was the senior legal practitioner in Lancashire. The business of the legal firm was continued after his death by his son, Mr. Samuel Grimshaw; and altogether by three generations of the Grimshaws the practice of the law was maintained in Preston nearly a century and a half.
Next to his able and lengthened service of highest civic office, the zealous efforts of Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw in the patriotic rising for the defence of the country in the last years of the last century, and first years of the present century, was the sphere of his activity in which he won most laurels. He was chiefly instrumental in raising the powerful corps embodied as the “Royal Preston Volunteers” in the year 1797; and he was commissioned successively as captain commandant, major, and lieut.-colonel of this corps. The corps was kept up in an increasing condition of strength and efficiency for more than four years. At the close of the war the corps was disbanded in the year 1802. At a vestry meeting held on the 20th of April, 1802, “Lieut.-Col. Nicholas Grimshaw, of the Royal Preston Volunteers, attended on behalf of himself and corps now about to be disbanded in consequence of the happy termination of the war, and stated that he had already obtained permission from the Vicar and Churchwardens to place his colours (being a present from the Ladies of the town) on the east end of the [Parish] Church, on each side of the arch leading into the chancel, and also to put up along with them either a new painting of the King’s arms or some suitable device in lieu thereof, and requested the sanction of the Vestry for these purposes.” The request was acceded to, and the flags with the royal arms were fixed in the Preston Parish Church accordingly. On the dissolution of the corps, the officers presented the wife of their Lieut. Col. with a full length portrait of Mr. Grimshaw, painted by Allen. Afterwards a military corps was raised, which was called the “Amounderness Local Militia,” and Mr. Grimshaw was again commissioned as Lieut.-Colonel. This corps was in turn disbanded in 1818, when a piece of silver plate was presented by the officers to Lieut. Colonel Grimshaw, inscribed:- “Presented by his brother officers to Lieut.-Col. Grimshaw, of the Amounderness Local Militia, and formerly of the Royal Preston Volunteers, in testimony of their sincere regard, and of the high sense entertained by them of his patriotic zeal, gentlemanlike conduct, and military ability, so eminently displayed by him in a twenty years’ command of the above corps, and in a season of imminent peril, during which a generous sacrifice was made of private interest and convenience to the cause of his country.”
Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., married Miss Esther Mary Haigh (this lady survived him nearly sixteen years, and died the 20th December, 1853). By her he had issue, sons, William; George henry, died in infancy; Edmund; Samuel; Nicholas Charles, and George Henry. The eldest son, William Grimshaw held a commission in the 70th Regiment, with which he was serving in Canada when he was killed in the year 1815, dying in early manhood, unmarried. The third son was Mr. Edmond Grimshaw, barrister-at-law, of Preston and Cadeley Co. Lancaster, afterwards of Pierremont, Co. Kent. The fourth son was Mr. Samuel Ridings Grimshaw, of Preston, barrister-at-law (before named as sometime in partnership with his father) he died on the 26th July, 1866. The fifth and sixth sons, Nicholas Charles and George Henry Grimshaw, lost their lives in youth by drowning, in the river Ribble, on the 24th of April, 1822, the year in which the father was Guild Mayor for the second time. A notice of this sad event, in which two other youths perished, states that on the day named, four or five youths, two of them sons of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., Mayor of Preston, and the other two the sons of Henry Hulton, Esq., Treasurer of the County, and of Mr. James Kay, manufacturer, embarked on the Ribble in a small sail-boat on an excursion of pleasure; after amusing themselves for some time, a sudden gust of wind upset their boat in the middle of the river, a little below Penwortham Bridge, and they were all drowned before any assistance could be afforded to them. The local newspapers of the period give taken of the public lamentation called forth by this fatal accident. The bodies of the drowned youths were recovered. On the north wall of the chancel of Preston parish Church was affixed a chaste marble tablet, bearing the following inscription:-
“In memory of Henry William Hulton, aged 21 years; Nicholas Charles Grimshaw, aged 20 years; George Henry Grimshaw, aged 17 years; and Joseph Kay, aged 20 years; who, in a moment of youthful enjoyment, were drowned in the River Ribble, by the upsetting of a boat, on the 24th day of April, A.D. 1822. Several of their friends and companions have united to erect this monument, in testimony of their deep concern, and with a desire to perpetuate the salutary impression of this truly awful dispensation.”
Some lines of poetry follow this inscription. The daughters of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., were – Mary, wife of John Troughton, Esq.; Frances, wife of Richard Atkinson, Esq., of Ellel Grange, Co. Lancaster; and Eleanor, wife of Rev. Francis Brandt.
Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., died suddenly, at his residence in Preston, Jan. 17th, 1838, in his 81st year. He had preserved until the last his native intellectual acumen; and had not shown much physical debility. His funeral was an occasion of public mourning. His remains were interred in the family vault in Preston Parish Churchyard, on Thursday, January 25th. In honour of the rank the deceased held as Colonel of the Preston Volunteer, and of the Amounderness Local Militia, the flag was hoisted on the church tower half-mast high; and all the shops were closed in the line of the procession, in which the following gentlemen marched as bearers, on either side of the hearse:- Mr. E. Gorst, Mr. W. Clayton, Mr. German, Mr. Shuttleworth, Mr. W. Shawe, Col Austen, Mr. Addison, Mr. Cross, Mr. Pedder, General Whitehead, Mr. R. Newsham, Mr. Shawe, Mr. Jacson, Mr. Miller, Mr. S. Gorst, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Lowe, Mr. Hulton, Capt. Woodford, and Mr. Barstow. The chief mourners were:_ Mr. S. Grimshaw, Rev. T.S. Grimshaw, Mr. Grimshaw, Rev. F. Brandt, Mr. J. Troughton, junr., Mr. Atkinson, Mr. J. Haigh, Mr. C. Palmer, Mr. George Palmer, Mr. Charles Grimshaw. The Vicar
of Preston, Rev. Roger Carus Wilson, read the burial service.
The residence of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., for many years was No. 8, Winckley-square, the house now occupied by William Pollard, Esq.
Two or three portraits of Mr. Nicholas Grimshaw had been painted and engraved;- one, painted by Allen, presented to Mrs. Grimshaw, has been mentioned. Another portrait, painted by Lonsdale, was engraved by Scriven. A copy of the latter engraving is in the original edition of Baines’s “History of Lancashire,” vol. iv., p. 352.
We have pleasure in adding the following item from a kind communication by a lady who is grad-daughter of John Grimshaw, Esq., of Preston Mrs. Louisa Dorothy Congreve, wife of Rev. John Congreve, B.A. (one of the Congreves of Congreve, Co. Stafford). Mrs. Congreve’s mother was Anne, daughter of John Grimshaw, Esq., who married Charles Greenway, Esq., of Darwen and Ardwick, as before stated. This lady writes: “My uncle and godfather, John Nock Grimshaw was Captain in the 103rd Regiment of the line, and one who returned from the ill-fated expedition to Walcheren. The last surviving grandson of Nicholas Grimshaw, Esq., Mayor of Preston in 1822, is the Rev. Richard Atkinson of Cockerham, who, by the Will of his uncle Edward, assumes the name and arms of Grimshaw.”
In the Gentleman’s Magazine for 1789 appears an obituary of Thomas Grimshaw, Esq., father of John and Nicholas Grimshaw: “At Preston, Co. Lancaster, Thomas Grimshaw, Esq., many years senior Alderman and father of the Corporation and formerly an eminent attorney there.”
1W.A. Abram, 1877, Sketches in Local History: Memorials of Old Lancashire Families the Grimshaws of Pendle Forest and of Preston: Preston, Lancashire, England, The Preston Guardian, September 1, 1877, 2nd Sheet, p. 1.
2W.A. Abram, 1877, Sketches in Local History: Memorials of Old Lancashire Families the Grimshaws of Pendle Forest and of Preston (Second Paper): Preston, Lancashire, England, The Preston Guardian, September 8, 1877, 2nd Sheet, p. 1.
3W.A. Abram, 1877, Sketches in Local History: Memorials of Old Lancashire Families the Grimshaws of Pendle Forest and of Preston (Third Paper): Preston, Lancashire, England, The Preston Guardian, September 15, 1877, 2nd Sheet, p. 1.
4W.A. Abram, 1877, Sketches in Local History: Memorials of Old Lancashire Families the Grimshaws of Pendle Forest and of Preston: Preston, Lancashire, England, The Preston Guardian, September 22, 1877, 2nd Sheet, p. 1.
Webpage posted September 2000, updated October 2000. Updated April 2007 with addition of W.A. Abram as author.