Edmund Grimshaw Married Margaret Peel 

Margaret’s Brother Was Robert Peel, Grandfather of Sir Robert Peel, Twice Prime Minister of England

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Tony Heyes has conducted extensive research on the connection of the well-known Peel family in Lancashire. He has kindly made his information available for posting on this website, and it is shown below. Edmund Grimshaw’s brother-in-law, Robert Peel, was the grandfather of the well-known Sir Robert Peel, who served as Prime Minister twice and originated the police force in England.

Webpage Credits

Descendant Information of Thomas Peel

Information on Sir Robert Peel from Wikipedia

More Interesting Peel Information from Tony Heyes

References

Webpage Credits

Thanks go to Tony Heyes for sending the information that made this webpage possible.

Descendant Information of Thomas Peel

Tony Heyes provided a document on descendants of Thomas Peel, which is shown below. Margaret Peel, who married Edmund Grimshaw, is in the ninth generation. The famous Sir Thomas Peel who originated the police force in England, is in the eleventh generation.

Modified Register for THOMAS PEEL

 

First Generation

1. THOMAS PEEL was born about 1461 in BOLTON BY BOLLAN.

He had the following children:

+ 2 M i. THOMAS PEEL was born about 1487.

Second Generation

2. THOMAS PEEL (THOMAS) was born about 1487 in BOLTON BY BOLLAN YORKS.

THOMAS married UNKNOWN. UNKNOWN was born about 1492 in BOLTON BY BOLLAN.

They had the following children:

+ 3 M i. JOHN PEEL was born about 1512.

4 M ii. HENRY PEEL was born about 1514 in BOLTON BY BOLLAN. He was buried in 1577.

5 F iii. AGNES PEEL was born about 1516 in BOLTON BY BOLLAN.

Third Generation

3. JOHN PEEL (THOMAS, THOMAS) was born about 1512 in BOLTON BY BOLAN.

JOHN married ANN HARWOOD daughter of ROBERT HARWOOD. ANN was born about 1514 in LITTLE HARWOOD LANC.

They had the following children:

6 M i. WILLIAM PEEL was born about 1538 in BLACKBURN.

+ 7 M ii. ROBERT PEEL was born about 1540. He died on 6 Aug 1577.

8 M iii. THOMAS PEEL was born about 1542 in BLACKBURN. He was buried in 1590.

Fourth Generation

7. ROBERT PEEL (JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born about 1540 in BLACKBURN. He died on 6 Aug 1577.

ROBERT married ELLEN OSBALDESTON daughter of HENRY OSBALDESTON. ELLEN was born about 1543 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

+ 9 M i. NICHOLAS PEEL was born in 1565/1567. He died on 5 Jul 1618.

10 F ii. MARGERY PEEL was born about 1565 in HOLE HOUSE.

11 M iii. JAMES PEEL was born about 1569 in HOLE HOUSE.

12 M iv. WILLIAM PEEL was born about 1570 in HOLE HOUSE. He died on 16 Mar 1651.

13 M v. THOMAS PEEL was born about 1571 in HOLE HOUSE. He died on 16 Mar 1639.

14 F vi. ELLEN PEEL was born about 1575 in HOLE HOUSE.

15 F vii. ELIZABETH PEEL was born about 1577 in HOLE HOUSE.

16 F viii. ANN PEEL was born on 21 Jul 1575 in HOLE HOUSE.

Fifth Generation

9. NICHOLAS PEEL (ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1565/1567 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. He died on 5 Jul 1618 in BLACBURN.

NICHOLAS married ALICE SHORROCK. ALICE was born about 1568 in BLACKBURN. She died on 23 Apr 1603 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

17 F i. ELIZABETH PEEL was born about 1590 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN.

+ 18 M ii. WILLIAM PEEL was born in 1594/1595. He died on 9 Mar 1651.

19 F iii. ANNE PEEL was born about 1598 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN.

Sixth Generation

18. WILLIAM PEEL (NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1594/1595 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. He died on 9 Mar 1651. He was buried on 16 Mar 1651 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN.

WILLIAM married MARGARET HAWORTH. MARGARET was born in 1597 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

20 M i. NICHOLAS PEEL was born in 1642 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. He died on 17 Mar 1678.

+ 21 M ii. ROBERT PEEL was born in 1646. He died in Feb 1734.

22 F iii. ANNE PEEL was born in 1648 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. She died on 3 Jan 1674.

23 F iv. ELIZABETH PEEL was born in 1653 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. She died on 22 Nov 1653 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN.

Seventh Generation

21. ROBERT PEEL (WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1646 in HOLE HOUSE BLACKBURN. He died in Feb 1734 in PEEL FOLD.

ROBERT married ANN WARDE daughter of JAMES WARDE on 10 Oct 1681 in BLACKBURN. ANN was born in 1661 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She died in Jun 1721 in PEEL FOLD.

They had the following children:

+ 24 M i. WILLIAM PEEL was born in 1682. He died on 24 Jul 1757.

25 M ii. NICHOLAS PEEL was born in 1684 in PEEL FOLD. He was christened on
26 Oct 1684 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He died on 20 May 1743.

NICHOLAS married ANN SHORROCK in 1709.

26 F iii. ALICE PEEL was born in 1686 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Mar 1686 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She died in Mar 1691.

27 F iv. MARGARET PEEL was born in 1688 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Apr 1688 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

28 M v. JOHN PEEL was born in 1690 in PEEL FOLD. He was christened on 15 Mar 1690 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

29 F vi. ANNE PEEL was born in 1695 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Dec 1695 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

30 F vii. ELIZABETH PEEL was born in 1698 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Feb 1698 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

31 F viii. ESTHER PEEL was born in 1699 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in May 1699 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

32 M ix. JOSEPH PEEL was born in 1701 in PEEL FOLD. He was christened on 28 Sep 1701 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

33 F x. MARY PEEL was born in 1704 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Feb 1704 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She died in May 1712.

34 F xi. SUSANNAH PEEL was born in 1706 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened in Jan 1706 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She died in May 1709.

Eighth Generation

24. WILLIAM PEEL (ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1682 in PEEL FOLD OSWALDTWISLTE. He died on 24 Jul 1757.

WILLIAM married JANE WALMSLEY on 9 Aug 1713 in OSWALDTWISTLE. JANE was born in 1701 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She was buried in Mar 1772 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

35 F i. JANE PEEL was born about 1716 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

36 F ii. ELIZABETH PEEL was born about 1718 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

+ 37 F iii. MARGARET PEEL was born in 1719.

+ 38 M iv. ROBERT PEEL was born in 1723. He died on 12 Sep 1795.

39 M v. LAWRENCE PEEL was born about 1725 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

40 M vi. NICHOLAS PEEL was born about 1729 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

41 M vii. JOSEPH PEEL was born about 1731 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He died on 23 Mar 1820.

42 F viii. ANN PEEL was born about 1733 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

Ninth Generation

37. MARGARET PEEL (WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1719 in CHURCH.

MARGARET married EDMUND GRIMSHAW on 7 Aug 1740 in CHURCH KIRK. EDMUND was born in 1715 in CHURCH.

They had the following children:

43 F i. MARY GRIMSHAW was born in 1740 in CHURCH. She was christened on 26 Oct 1740 in CHURCH.

44 M ii. HENRY GRIMSHAW was born in 1741 in CHURCH. He was christened on 5 Nov 1741 in CHURCH.

45 M iii. BENJAMIN GRIMSHAW was born in 1743 in CHURCH. He was christened on 25 Apr 1743 in CHURCH.

46 M iv. EDMUND GRIMSHAW was born in 1746 in CHURCH. He was christened on 3 Aug 1746 in CHURCH.

+ 47 M v. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1748.

48 M vi. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1750 in CHURCH. He was christened on 17 Sep 1750 in CHURCH.

38. ROBERT PEEL (WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1723 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He died on 12 Sep 1795 in MANCHESTER.

ROBERT married ELIZABETH HOWARTH on 28 Aug 1744. ELIZABETH was born in 1723 in WALMSLEY FOLD BLACKBURN. She died in Mar 1796 in MANCHESTER.

They had the following children:

49 M i. WILLIAM PEEL was born on 3 Jun 1745 in PEEL FOLD. He died in Mar 1794.

50 M ii. EDMUND PEEL was born on 22 Jan 1747 in PEEL FOLD.

+ 51 M iii. ROBERT PEEL SIR was born on 23 Apr 1750. He died on 3 May 1830.

52 M iv. JONATHON PEEL was born on 21 Sep 1752 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 3 Dec 1834.

53 F v. ANNE PEEL was born in 1753 in PEEL FOLD. She died on 7 Nov 1816.

54 M vi. JENETTE PEEL was born in 1756 in PEEL FOLD. He was christened on 26 Feb 1756 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He died on 10 Apr 1768.

55 M vii. LAWRENCE PEEL was born in 1756 in PEEL FOLD. He was christened on 16 Jan 1756 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He died in Jan 1827.

56 M viii. PAUL PEEL was born about 1758 in PEEL FOLD.

57 F ix. BETTY PEEL was born in 1762 in PEEL FOLD. She was christened on 5 Mar 1762 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She died on 22 Jun 1864.

58 M x. JOSEPH PEEL was born in Sep 1765 in PEEL FOLD. He died in 1820.

59 M xi. ROBERT JOHN PEEL was born in 1767 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 7 Nov 1816.

Tenth Generation

47. THOMAS GRIMSHAW (MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1748 in CHURCH. He was christened on 6 Dec 1748.

THOMAS married ANN SINGLETON on 12 Apr 1773 in GREAT HARWOOD. ANN was born in 1752 in GREAT HARWOOD.

They had the following children:

+ 60 M i. RICHARD GRIMSHAW was born in 1773.

61 M ii. JAMES GRIMSHAW was born in 1775 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 25 Dec 1775.

62 M iii. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1775 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 3 Mar 1778.

63 M iv. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1780 in GREAT HARWOOD. He died before 1781.

64 M v. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1780 in GREAT HARWOOD. He died in 1781.

65 M vi. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1782 in GREAT HARWWOD. He was christened on 10 Nov 1782.

66 M vii. JOSEPH GRIMSHAW was born in 1785 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 23 Oct 1785.

67 M viii. DOCTER GRIMSHAW was born in 1787 in GREAT HAWROOD. He was christened on 30 Nov 1787.

68 M ix. WILLIAM GRIMSHAW was born in 1791 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 12 Jan 1791.

51. ROBERT PEEL SIR (ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 23 Apr 1750 in PEEL FOLD OSWALDTWISTLE. He died on 3 May 1830. He was buried in DRAYTON BASSETT.

ROBERT married (1) ELLEN YATES daughter of WILLIAM YATES on 8 Jul 1783. ELLEN was born on 22 May 1766 in BLACKBURN. She died on 28 Dec 1803.

They had the following children:

69 F i. MARY PEEL was born on 27 Jun 1784 in PEEL FOLD. She died in Jan 1848.

MARY married GEORGE ROBERT DAWSON RT HON on 9 Jan 1816.

70 F ii. ELIZABETH PEEL was born on 13 Apr 1786 in PEEL FOLD. She died

on 16 Jun 1828.

+ 71 M iii. ROBERT PEEL SIR was born on 5 Feb 1788. He died on 2 Jul 1850.

+ 72 M iv. WILLIAM YATES PEEL RT HON was born on 3 Aug 1789. He died on 1 Jun 1858.

+ 73 M v. EDMUND PEEL was born on 8 Aug 1791. He died on 1 Nov 1850.

74 F vi. ELEANOR PEEL was born on 25 Mar 1794 in PEEL FOLD.

75 F vii. ANNE PEEL was born about 1796 in PEEL FOLD.

ANNE married CHARLES WICKSTEAD ETHELSTON. CHARLES was born in 1801 in WHITCHURCH CHESHIRE. He died in 1872 in AXMNINSTER DEVON.

CHARLES was employed as RECTOR OF UPLYME.

+ 76 M viii. JOHN PEEL was born on 22 Aug 1798. He died on 20 Feb 1875.

+ 77 M ix. JONATHON PEEL GENERAL RT HON was born on 12 Oct 1799. He died on 13 Feb 1879.

+ 78 M x. LAWRENCE PEEL was born on 28 Jun 1801. He died on 10 Dec 1888.

79 F xi. HARRIET ELEANOR PEEL was born on 17 Apr 1803 in PEEL FOLD. She died on 7 May 1869.

HARRIET married ROBERT HENRY HENLEY 2ND BARON HENLEY on 11 Mar 1824.

ROBERT married (2) SUSANNAH CLERKE daughter of FRANCIS CLERKE and SUSAANAH ELIZABETH ASHWORH on 18 Oct 1805. SUSANNAH died on 10 Sep 1824.

Eleventh Generation

60. RICHARD GRIMSHAW (THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1773 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 7 Nov 1773 in GT HARWOOD.

RICHARD married MARY EDMUNDSON on 28 May 1798 in ST MARY’S THE VIRGIN BLACKBURN. MARY was born in 1798 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

+ 80 M i. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born on 13 Aug 1802.

81 F ii. ANN GRIMSHAW was born in 1799 in GREAT HARWOOD.

82 M iii. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born on 8 Nov 1800 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 7 Dec 1800.

83 M iv. JAMES GRIMSHAW was born on 22 Sep 1804 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 14 Oct 1804.

84 M v. JOSEPH GRIMSHAW was born on 8 Dec 1808 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 1 Jan 1809. He died in Jan 1809. He was buried on 3 Jan 1812.

+ 85 M vi. RICHARD GRIMSHAW was born on 29 Jan 1811. He died on 19 May 1877.

+ 86 F vii. CATHERINE GRIMSHAW was born in 1815.

71. ROBERT PEEL SIR (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 5 Feb 1788 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 2 Jul 1850. He was buried in DRAYTON MANOR STAFF.

ROBERT married JULIA FLOYD on 8 Jun 1820. JULIA was born in 1797. She died on 27 Oct 1859 in DRAYTON MANOR.

They had the following children:

+ 87 F i. JULIA PEEL was born on 30 Apr 1821. She died on 14 Aug 1893.

+ 88 M ii. ROBERT PEEL RT.HON 3RD BT was born on 4 May 1822. He died on 9 May 1895.

+ 89 F iii. ELIZA PEEL was born in 1831. She died in Apr 1883.

+ 90 M iv. ARTHUR WELLESLEY PEEL 1ST VISCOUNT was born on 3 Aug 1829. He died on 24 Oct 1912.

91 M v. WILLIAM PEEL CAP.SIR was born on 2 Nov 1824. He died on 27 Apr 1858.

WILLIAM was employed as NAVAL COMMANDER.

92 M vi. FREDERICK PEEL RT.HON SIR was born on 26 Oct 1823. He died on 6 Jun 1906.

FREDERICK was employed as PC CHIEF OF RAILWAY.

FREDERICK married (1) ELIZABETH EMILY SHELLEY on 12 Aug 1857. ELIZABETH died on 30 Jul 1865.

FREDERICK married (2) JANET PLEYDELL-BOUVERIE on 3 Sep 1879. JANET was born in 1851 in ST GEO HAN SQ.

+ 93 M vii. JOHN FLOYD PEEL CAPTAIN was born on 24 May 1827. He died on 21 Apr 1910.

72. WILLIAM YATES PEEL RT HON (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 3 Aug 1789 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 1 Jun 1858.

WILLIAM was employed as PRIVY COUNSELLER.

WILLIAM married JANE ELIZA MOORE LADY daughter of STEPHEN MOORE 2 EARL MTCASHELL and MARGARET KING LADY on 17 Jun 1819. JANE was born in 1801 in IRELAND.

They had the following children:

94 F i. ELLEN PEEL was born in 1821 in LONDON.

95 M ii. WILLIAM PEEL was born in 1822.

96 F iii. ELIZABETH PEEL was born in 1824.

97 F iv. JANE PEEL was born in 1826.

98 F v. JULIA PEEL was born in 1827.

99 F vi. MATILDA PEEL was born in 1828 in STAFFORD.

100 F vii. ADELAIDE PEEL was born in 1829.

101 F viii. ALICE PEEL was born in 1829.

102 F ix. OCTAVIA PEEL was born in 1831.

103 F x. EMILY PEEL was born in 1832.

104 M xi. FRANCIS PEEL was born in 1835.

105 M xii. FREDERICK PEEL REVEREND was born in 1836.

106 F xiii. FLORA PEEL was born in 1837.

73. EDMUND PEEL (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 8 Aug 1791 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 1 Nov 1850.

EDMUND married EMILY SWINFEN on 2 Jan 1812. EMILY was born in 1796.

They had the following children:

107 M i. ROBERT PEEL was born in 1816.

76. JOHN PEEL (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 22 Aug 1798 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 20 Feb 1875.

JOHN married AUGUSTA SWINFEN. AUGUSTA was born in 1826 in STAFF.

They had the following children:

108 M i. ROBERT A D PEEL was born in 1826 in MARYLEBONE.

77. JONATHON PEEL GENERAL RT HON (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 12 Oct 1799 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 13 Feb 1879.

JONATHON was employed as PRIVY COUNSELLER.

JONATHON married ALICIA JANE KENNEDY LADY daughter of ARCHIBALD KENNEDY SIR 1 MQS AILSA and MARGARET ERSKINE. ALICIA was born in 1806 in SCOTLAND.

They had the following children:

109 F i. MARGARET PEEL was born in 1831 in TWICHENHAM.

110 F ii. ALICE PEEL was born in 1832 in RICHMOND.

111 M iii. WILLIAM A PEEL was born in 1834 in TWICHENHAM.

112 F iv. ADELAIDE GEORGIANA PEEL was born in 1836 in TWICKENHAM. She died on 22 May 1872.

78. LAWRENCE PEEL (ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 28 Jun 1801 in PEEL FOLD. He died on 10 Dec 1888.

LAWRENCE was employed as CIVIL SERVANT.

LAWRENCE married JANE LENNOX LADY daughter of CHARLES LENNOX 4 DUKE RICHMOND and CHARLOTTE GORDON LADY on 20 Jul 1822.

They had the following children:

113 F i. CONSTANCE AUGUSTA PEEL died on 14 Apr 1921.

114 M ii. CHARLES LENNOX PEEL SIR was born on 19 Jan 1823. He died on 19 Aug 1899.

CHARLES was employed as ARMY.

115 M iii. ARTHUR LENNOX PEEL LT-COL was born on 30 May 1825. He died on 14 Jan 1875.

ARTHUR was employed as 52ND REG.

116 M iv. ALFRED LENNOX PEEL REVEREND was born on 4 Jun 1827. He died on 4 Nov 1863.

ALFRED was employed as CURATE OF BEVERLY.

117 M v. CECIL LENNOX PEEL LT-COL was born on 18 Apr 1830. He died on 27 Jul 1910.

CECIL was employed as SCITS FUSLKIERS.

Twelfth Generation

80. JOHN GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 13 Aug 1802 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 12 Sep 1802.

JOHN married MARY GRIMSHAW on 14 Jul 1828 in GREAT HARWOOD.

They had the following children:

+ 118 M i. JOSEPH GRIMSHAW was born in 1830.

119 M ii. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1832 in GREAT HARWOOD. He died on 13 Mar 1837.

+ 120 M iii. RICHARD GRIMSHAW was born in 1834.

+ 121 M iv. THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born on 27 Feb 1836.

122 M v. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1839 in GREAT HARWOOD.

123 F vi. MARY GRIMSHAW was born in 1841 in GREAT HARWOOD.

124 F vii. ANN GRIMSHAW was born on 15 Feb 1844 in GREAT HARWOOD.

85. RICHARD GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 29 Jan 1811 in GREAT HARWOOD. He was christened on 24 Feb 1811. He died on 19 May 1877.

RICHARD was employed as STONE MASON.

RICHARD married MARY HINDLE on 10 Aug 1835 in ST BARTHOLOMEWS GT HARWOOD. MARY died in 1861.

They had the following children:

125 F i. ALICE GRIMSHAW was born on 31 Aug 1851 in CHURCH.

+ 126 F ii. JANE GRIMSHAW was born on 12 Aug 1838.

+ 127 M iii. LAWRENCE GRIMSHAW was born on 25 Dec 1836. He died on 23 Apr 1876.

128 M iv. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born on 19 Dec 1841 in CHURCH.

129 F v. MARY GRIMSHAW was born on 19 May 1844.

130 F vi. ANN GRIMSHAW was born on 4 Oct 1846 in CHURCH.

86. CATHERINE GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1815 in GREAT HARWOOD. She was christened on 25 Jun 1815.

She had the following children:

131 F i. ANN was born in 1834 in RISHTON. She was christened on 6 Jul 1834.

87. JULIA PEEL (ROBERT, ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 30 Apr 1821. She died on 14 Aug 1893 in GENEVA SWITZERLAND. She was buried in MIDDLETON STONEY OXFORDSHIRE.

JULIA married (1) GEORGE AUGUSTUS CHILD-VILLERS 6TH EARL JERSEY on 2 Jul 1841 in BERKLEY SQUARE LONDON. GEORGE was born on 4 Apr 1808 in BERKLEY SQUARE LONDON. He died on 24 Oct 1859.

They had the following children:

132 F i. JULIA SARAH ALICE CHILD-VILLERS was born on 11 May 1842 in OSTERLEY PARK. She died on 24 Oct 1921.

133 F ii. CAROLINE ANNE CHILD-VILLIERS was born on 7 Nov 1843 in OSTERLEY PARK. She died on 22 Jul 1912.

134 M iii. VICTOR ALBERT GEORGE CHILD-VILLIERS was born on 20 Mar 1845 in OSTERLEY PARK. He was christened on 17 May 1845 in BERKLEY SQUARE. He died on 31 May 1915 in OSTERLEY PARK. He was buried on 4 Jun 1915 in MIDDLETON STONEY.

135 M iv. ROBERT FREDRICK CHILD-VILLIERS was born on 1 Mar 1847 in OSTERLEY PARK MIDDLESEX. He died on 8 Apr 1914.

136 M v. EDWARD REGINALD CHILD-VILLIERS was born on 1 Jun 1849 in OSTERLEY PARK. He died on 13 Nov 1920.

EDWARD was employed as BARRISTER.

JULIA married (2) CHARLES BRANDING on 12 Sep 1865. CHARLES was born in 1833 in LONDON.

CHARLES was employed as INVESTOR.

88. ROBERT PEEL RT.HON 3RD BT (ROBERT, ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 4 May 1822 in DRAYTON MANOR STAFF. He died on 9 May 1895.

ROBERT married EMILY HAY on 17 Jun 1856. EMILY was born in 1837 in EAST LOTHIAN.

They had the following children:

137 F i. VICTORIA ALEXANDRINA JULIA PEEL died on 16 Dec 1935.

138 M ii. ROBERT PEEL was born on 12 Apr 1867. He died on 12 Feb 1925.

139 F iii. EVELYN PEEL was born in 1869.

89. ELIZA PEEL (ROBERT, ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1831. She died in Apr 1883.

ELIZA married FRANCIS STONER HON son of THOMAS STONER LORD CAMOYS and FRANCES LADY CAMOYS on 25 Sep 1855 in DRAYTON MANOR. FRANCIS was born on 5 Jan 1829 in DRAYTON MANOR STAFF. He died on 10 Jan 1881.

FRANCIS was employed as CLERK IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS.

They had the following children:

140 M i. FRANCIS ROBERT STONER 4TH LORD COMROYS was born on 9 Dec 1856 in DRAYTON MANOR. He died on 14 Jul 1897.

141 M ii. HARRY JULIAN STONER HON SIR was born on 17 Nov 1859 in DRAYTON MANOR. He died on 5 May 1939.

142 F iii. JULIA CAROLINE STONER HON was born in 1864 in DRAYTON MANOR. She died on 12 May 1950.

143 M iv. EDWARD ALEXANDER STONER HON was born on 16 Oct 1867. He died on 12 May 1940.

EDWARD married CHRISTINE ALEXANDRA RALII on 12 May 1899 in DRAYTON MANOR. CHRISTINE was born in 1871.

90. ARTHUR WELLESLEY PEEL 1ST VISCOUNT (ROBERT, ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 3 Aug 1829. He died on 24 Oct 1912.

ARTHUR was employed as SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF COOMONS.

ARTHUR married ADELAIDE DUGDALE on 14 Aug 1862. ADELAIDE was born in 1840 in WARWICK.

They had the following children:

144 F i. AGNES MARY PEEL HON was born in 1869 in LONDON.

145 F ii. WILLIAM ROBERT WELLESLEY PEEL 1ST EARL PEEL was born on 7 Jan 1867. She died on 28 Sep 1937.

146 M iii. SIDNEY CORNWALLIS PEEL COL.HON.SIR was born on 3 Jun 1870. He died on 19 Dec 1938.

147 M iv. MAURICE BERKLEY PEEL was born on 23 Apr 1873 in LONDON. He died on 17 May 1917.

148 F v. JULIA BEATRICE PEEL was born in 1865 in LONDON.

149 F vi. ELLA FRANCES PEEL was born in 1872 in LONDON. She died on 21 Jul 1900.

150 M vii. ARTHUR GEORGE PEEL was born in 1866.

93. JOHN FLOYD PEEL CAPTAIN (ROBERT, ROBERT, ROBERT, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 24 May 1827 in LONDON. He died on 21 Apr 1910.

JOHN married ANNIE JENNY. ANNIE was born in 1829 in IRELAND. She died on 31 Jan 1904.

They had the following children:

151 F i. GERTRUDE PEEL was born in 1864 in LONDON.

Thirteenth Generation

118. JOSEPH GRIMSHAW (JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1830 in RISHTON LANCASHIRE.

JOSEPH was employed as OVER LOOKER COTTON MILL.

JOSEPH married MATILDA (MARY) RAMSBOTTOM in Dec 1854 in HASLINGDEN. MATILDA was born in 1832 in CHURCH LANCASHIRE.

They had the following children:

+ 152 F i. MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW was born in 1867.

+ 153 M ii. JONATHAN GRIMSHAW was born in Mar 1862. He died in Dec 1900.

154 M iii. JOSEPH GRIMSHAW was born in 1864 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

JOSEPH was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

155 M iv. WILLIAM GRIMSHAW was born in 1872 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

156 M v. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1859 in ACCRINGTON.

120. RICHARD GRIMSHAW (JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1834 in GREAT HARWOOD.

RICHARD was employed as WAREHOUSEMAN.

RICHARD married ISABELLA. ISABELLA was born in 1833 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

ISABELLA was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

They had the following children:

+ 157 M i. JOHN THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1857.

158 F ii. MARY ANN GRIMSHAW was born in 1863 in ACCRINGTON.

MARY was employed as WEAVER.

121. THOMAS GRIMSHAW (JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 27 Feb 1836 in GREAT HARWOOD.

THOMAS was employed as WESLEYAN CHAPEL KEEPER.

THOMAS married RUTH. RUTH was born in 1842 in HYDE CHESHIRE.

RUTH was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

THOMAS and RUTH had the following children:

159 M i. ALFRED GRIMSHAW was born in 1872 in RISHTON.

ALFRED was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

126. JANE GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 12 Aug 1838 in RISHTON.

JANE married (1) THOMAS METCALF on 20 Apr 1861.

They had the following children:

+ 160 M i. RICHARD METCALF was born in 1862.

161 M ii. THOMAS METCALF was born in 1866 in CHURCH.

THOMAS was employed as COTTON OVERLOOKER.

JANE married (2) WILLIAM EDDLESTON. WILLIAM was born in 1841 in RISHTON.

WILLIAM was employed as COTTON MANUFACTURER.

They had the following children:

162 F iii. MARY EDDLESTON was born in 1871 in BLACKBURN.

MARY was employed as DRESSMAKER.

163 M iv. JOHN EDDLESTON was born in 1875 in GREAT HARWOOD.

JOHN was employed as BOOKKEEPER IN COTTON MILL.

127. LAWRENCE GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 25 Dec 1836 in RISHTON. He died on 23 Apr 1876 in CHURCH.

LAWRENCE married NANCY ALDRED on 8 Aug 1858 in ST JAMES CHURCH.

They had the following children:

164 F i. MARY ELLEN GRIMSHAW was born in 1860 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She was christened on 4 May 1860.

165 M ii. RICHARD AINSWORTH GRIMSHAW was born in 1865 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He was christened on 14 May 1865.

+ 166 F iii. ELIZABETH ANN GRIMSHAW was born in 1868.

167 F iv. NANCY JANE GRIMSHAW was born in 1873 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She was christened on 26 Jan 1873.

168 M v. JOHN THOMAS GRIMSHAW was born in 1874 in OSWALDTWISTLE. He was christened on 18 Oct 1874.

Fourteenth Generation

152. MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW (JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1867 in

ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

MARY was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

MARY married JOHN DUCKETT son of JOHN DUCKETT and ELIZABETH ATKINSON in Jun 1888 in HASLINGDON. JOHN was born in 1867 in CLAYTON LE MOORS.

JOHN was employed as LABOUR IN IRON WORKS.

They had the following children:

169 M i. JOSEPH DUCKETT was born in 1889 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE. He died in 1893 in HASLINGDEN.

170 F ii. ELIZABETH DUCKETT was born in 1895 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

ELIZABETH married OLIVER PEGLEY.

171 M iii. JAMES FRANCIS DUCKETT was born in Jun 1888 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

172 M iv. FREDERICK DUCKETT was born in Mar 1901 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

+ 173 M v. JOHN HENRY DUCKETT was born in 1891.

153. JONATHAN GRIMSHAW (JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in Mar 1862 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE. He died in Dec 1900 in HASLINGDON.

JONATHAN was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

JONATHAN married MARGARET MARTHA WILLIS in Dec 1881 in HASLINGDEN. MARGARET was born in Mar 1860 in PRESTON.

They had the following children:

174 F i. MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW was born in 1885 in ACCRINGTON.

175 F ii. ANNIE GRIMSHAW was born in 1896 in ACCRINGTON.

176 F iii. GERTRUDE GRIMSHAW was born in 1898 in ACCRINGTON.

157. JOHN THOMAS GRIMSHAW (RICHARD GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1857 in CHURCH.

JOHN married ANN. ANN was born in 1857 in DARWEN.

ANN was employed as COTTON WEAVER.

They had the following children:

177 M i. RICHARD GRIMSHAW was born in 1878 in BLACKBURN.

RICHARD was employed as WEAVER.

178 M ii. JOHN GRIMSHAW was born in 1879 in RISHTON.

JOHN was employed as WEAVER.

179 F iii. ISABELLA GRIMSHAW was born in 1882 in OSWALDTWISTLE.

180 M iv. BERT GRIMSHAW was born in 1884 in BLACKBURN.

181 M v. WILLIAM GRIMSHAW was born in 1886 in BLACKBURN.

160. RICHARD METCALF (JANE GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1862 in CHURCH.

RICHARD was employed as COTTON TAPE SIZER.

RICHARD married ELIZABETH A. ELIZABETH was born in 1857 in BLACKBURN.

They had the following children:

182 M i. ANNIE METCALF was born in 1886 in BLACKBURN.

183 F ii. JANE METCALF was born in 1888 in BLACKBURN.

184 F iii. ETHEL METCALF was born in 1890 in BLACKBURN.

166. ELIZABETH ANN GRIMSHAW (LAWRENCE GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1868 in OSWALDTWISTLE. She was christened on 1 Nov 1868.

ELIZABETH married JAMES BROCK on 3 Apr 1895.

They had the following children:

+ 185 M i. LAWRENCE BROCK was born on 24 Aug 1899.

Fifteenth Generation

173. JOHN HENRY DUCKETT (MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born in 1891 in ACCRINGTON LANCASHIRE.

JOHN married ANN PICKERING daughter of DANIEL PICKERING and ANN ARROWSMITH. ANN was born on 11 Sep 1889 in RAMSBOTTOM.

They had the following children:

+ 186 M i. NORMAN DUCKETT was born on 17 Feb 1922.

+ 187 F ii. LILAS DUCKETT was born on 11 Feb 1927.

185. LAWRENCE BROCK (ELIZABETH ANN GRIMSHAW, LAWRENCE GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 24 Aug 1899 in ST PETERSBURG.

LAWRENCE married DORA STEVENSON on 24 Jan 1923.

They had the following children:

+ 188 F i. ENID BROCK was born on 15 Jul 1924.

Sixteenth Generation

186. NORMAN DUCKETT (JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 17 Feb 1922 in TODMORDEN.

NORMAN married HILDA LORD daughter of ARTHUR LORD and ANNIE DAWSON. HILDA was born on 18 May 1922 in TODMORDEN.

They had the following children:

+ 189 M i. MICHAEL JOHN DUCKETT was born on 5 Jun 1948.

187. LILAS DUCKETT (JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 11 Feb 1927.

LILAS married PETER JACKSON. PETER was born about Aug 1924.

They had the following children:

+ 190 F i. DIANNE JACKSON.

+ 191 F ii. LINDSAY JACKSON.

+ 192 M iii. MARK JACKSON.

188. ENID BROCK (LAWRENCE BROCK, ELIZABETH ANN GRIMSHAW, LAWRENCE GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 15 Jul 1924.

ENID married ANGUS FOGG on 11 Sep 1943.

They had the following children:

193 M i. CHRISTOPER FOGG was born on 4 Aug 1950.

Seventeenth Generation

189. MICHAEL JOHN DUCKETT (NORMAN DUCKETT, JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS) was born on 5 Jun 1948 in TODMORDEN.

MICHAEL was employed as ACCOUNTANT.

MICHAEL married DENISE JENKINSON daughter of JOHN THOMAS JENKINSON and MARGARET BOWLER on 26 Oct 1974 in MORECAMBE ENGLAND. DENISE was born on 20 May 1954 in NELSON.

They had the following children:

194 M i. JON ARTHUR DUCKETT was born on 16 Mar 1990.

190. DIANNE JACKSON (LILAS DUCKETT, JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS).

DIANNE married IAN SMITH.

They had the following children:

195 F i. KATE SMITH.

196 M ii. NEIL SMITH.

191. LINDSAY JACKSON (LILAS DUCKETT, JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS).

LINDSAY married ROB.

They had the following children:

197 M i. PAUL JACKSON.

192. MARK JACKSON (LILAS DUCKETT, JOHN HENRY DUCKETT, MARY ALICE GRIMSHAW, JOSEPH GRIMSHAW, JOHN GRIMSHAW, RICHARD GRIMSHAW, THOMAS GRIMSHAW, MARGARET PEEL, WILLIAM, ROBERT, WILLIAM, NICHOLAS, ROBERT, JOHN, THOMAS, THOMAS).

MARK married AMANDA.

They had the following children:

198 M i. KYLE JACKSON.

 

Information on Sir Robert Peel from Wikipedia

The following article on Sir Robert Peel is taken from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Robert Peel

 

The Right Honourable Sir Robert Peel, Bt

——————————————————————————–

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

In office

30 August 1841 – 29 June 1846

Monarch Victoria

Preceded by The Viscount Melbourne

Succeeded by The Lord John Russell

In office

10 December 1834 – 8 April 1835

Monarch William IV

Preceded by The Duke of Wellington

Succeeded by The Viscount Melbourne

——————————————————————————–

Chancellor of the Exchequer

In office

2 December 1834 – 8 April 1835

Monarch William IV

Preceded by The Lord Denman

Succeeded by Thomas Spring Rice

——————————————————————————–

Born 5 February 1788(1788-02-05)   Ramsbottom, Lancashire, England

Died 2 July 1850 (aged 62)   Westminster, London, England

Political party: Conservative

Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet (5 February 1788 – 2 July 1850) was the Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846. He helped create the modern concept of the police force while Home Secretary (leading to officers being known as “bobbies”, in England, or Peelers, in Ireland, to this day), oversaw the formation of the Conservative Party out of the shattered Tory Party, and repealed the Corn Laws.

Biography

Peel was born in Ramsbottom, Lancashire, England to the industrialist and Member of Parliament Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet. His father was one of the richest textile manufacturers of the early Industrial Revolution. Peel was educated first at Hipperholme Grammar School, then at Harrow School and finally Christ Church, Oxford, where he took a double first in classics and mathematics. He is also believed to have briefly attended Bury Grammar School. While living in Tamworth, he is credited with the development of the Tamworth Pig by breeding Irish stock with some local Tamworth pigs.

Early political career

Peel entered politics at the young age of 21 as MP for the Irish rotten borough of Cashel, Tipperary. With a scant 24 voters on the rolls, he was elected unopposed. His sponsor for the election (besides his father) was the Chief Secretary for Ireland, Sir Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington, with whom Peel’s political career would be entwined for the next 25 years. Peel made his maiden speech at the start of the 1810 session, when he was chosen by the Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval, to second the reply to the king’s speech. His speech was a sensation, famously described by the Speaker, Charles Abbot, as “the best first speech since that of William Pitt.”[1]

For the next decade he occupied a series of relatively minor positions in the Tory governments: Undersecretary for War, Chief Secretary for Ireland, and chairman of the Bullion Committee (charged with stabilizing British finances after the end of the Napoleonic Wars). He also changed seats twice: first picking up another rotten borough, Chippenham, then becoming MP for Oxford University in 1817.

He later served as MP for Tamworth from 1830 until his death. His home was Drayton Manor. His home Drayton Manor is no longer standing, but it is home to Drayton Manor Theme Park.

Home Secretary

The Duke of Wellington

Prime Minister 1828-1830

Peel was considered one of the rising stars of the Tory party, first entering the cabinet in 1822 as Home Secretary. As Home Secretary, he introduced a number of important reforms of British criminal law: most memorably establishing the Metropolitan Police Force (Metropolitan Police Act 1829). He also reformed the criminal law, reducing the number of crimes punishable by death, and simplified it by repealing a large number of criminal statutes and consolidating their provisions into what are known as Peel’s Acts. He reformed the gaol system, introducing payment for gaolers and education for the inmates.

He resigned as Home Secretary after the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, became incapacitated and was replaced by George Canning. Canning favoured Catholic Emancipation, while Peel had been one of its most outspoken opponents (earning the nickname “Orange Peel”). Canning himself died less than four months later and, after the brief premiership of Lord Goderich, Peel returned to the post of Home Secretary under the premiership of his long-time ally the Duke of Wellington. During this time he was widely perceived as the number-two in the Tory Party, after Wellington himself.

However, the pressure on the new ministry from advocates of Catholic Emancipation was too great and an Emancipation Bill was passed the next year. Peel felt compelled to resign his seat as MP representing the graduates of Oxford University (many of whom were Anglican clergymen), as he had stood on a platform of opposition to Catholic Emancipation (in 1815 he had, in fact, challenged to a duel the man most associated with emancipation, Daniel O’Connell). Peel instead moved to a rotten borough, Westbury, retaining his Cabinet position. Peel’s protege Gladstone later emulated Peel by serving as MP for Oxford University from 1847 to 1865, before himself being defeated for his willingness to disestablish the Irish Church.

Police reform

Sir Robert Peel

It was at this point that Peel established the Metropolitan Police Force for London based at Scotland Yard. The 1,000 constables employed were affectionately nicknamed ‘Bobbies’ or, somewhat less affectionately, ‘Peelers’ (both terms are still used today). Although unpopular at first they proved very successful in cutting crime in London, and by 1857 all cities in the UK were obliged to form their own police forces—see Policing in the United Kingdom. Known as the father of modern policing, Robert Peel developed the Peelian Principles which defined the ethical requirements police officers must follow in order to be effective. His most memorable principle was, “the police are the public, and the public are the police.”

Whigs in power (1830-1834)

Lord Grey

Prime Minister 1830-34The Middle and Working Classes in England at that time, however, were clamoring for reform, and Catholic Emancipation was only one of the ideas in the air. The Tory ministry refused to bend on other issues and were swept out of office in 1830 in favour of the Whigs. The following few years were extremely turbulent, but eventually enough reforms were passed that King William IV felt confident enough to invite the Tories to form a ministry again in succession to those of Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne in 1834. Peel was selected as Prime Minister but was in Italy at the time, so Wellington acted as a caretaker for the three weeks until Peel’s return.

First term as Prime Minister (1834-1835)

This new Tory Ministry was a minority government, however, and depended on Whig goodwill for its continued existence. As his statement of policy at the general election of January 1835, Peel issued the Tamworth Manifesto. The issuing of this document is often seen as one of the most crucial points at which the Tories became the Conservative Party. In it he pledged that the Conservatives would endorse modest reform, but the Whigs instead formed a compact with Daniel O’Connell’s Irish Radical members to repeatedly defeat the government on various bills. Eventually Peel’s ministry resigned out of frustration and the Whigs under Lord Melbourne returned to power. The only real achievements of Peel’s first administration was a commission to review the governance of the Church of England. This ecclesiastical commission being the forerunner of the Church Commissioners. A further achievement was a rapid gain in seats in the House of Commons which was around 100 seats in the 100 days Peel’s Ministry lasted.

Leader of the Opposition (1835-1841)

In May 1839, he was offered another chance to form a government, this time by the new monarch, Queen Victoria. However, this too would have been a minority government and Peel felt he needed a further sign of confidence from his Queen. Lord Melbourne had been Victoria’s confidant for several years, and many of the higher posts in Victoria’s household were held by the wives and female relatives of Whigs; there was some feeling that Victoria had allowed herself to be too closely associated with the Whig party. Peel therefore asked that some of this coterie be dismissed and replaced with their Conservative counterparts, provoking the so-called Bedchamber Crisis. Victoria refused to change her household, and despite pleadings from the Duke of Wellington, relied on assurances of support from Whig leaders. Peel refused to form a government, and the Whigs returned to power.

Second term as Prime Minister (1841-1846)

Economic and Financial Reforms

Peel came to office during an economic recession which had seen a slump in world trade and a budget deficit of £2.5 million run up by the whigs in an attempt to solve it. Confidence in Banks and Businesses was low and a trade deficit existed.

To raise revenue Peel’s 1841 budget saw the re-introduction of Income Tax, removed previously at the end of the Napoleonic War. The money raised was more than expected and allowed for the removal and reduction of over 1,200 tariffs including the controversial sugar duties. It was also in the 1842 budget that the repeal of the corn laws was first proposed. It was defeated 4:1.

Factory Act

Peel finally had a chance to head a majority government following the election of July 1841. His promise of modest reform was held to, and the second most famous bill of this ministry, while “reforming” in 21st century eyes, was in fact aimed at the reformers themselves, with their constituency among the new industrial rich. The Factory Act 1844 acted more against these industrialists than it did against the traditional stronghold of the Conservatives, the landed gentry, by restricting the number of hours that children and women could work in a factory, and setting rudimentary safety standards for machinery. Interestingly, this was a continuation of his own father’s work as an MP, as the elder Robert Peel was most noted for reform of working conditions during the first part of the 19th century. Helping him was Lord shaftesbury, a British MP who also established the coal mines act. In 1843 Peel was the target of a failed assassination attempt; a criminally-insane Scottish woodsman named Daniel M’Naghten stalked him for several days before accidentally killing Peel’s personal secretary Edward Drummond instead.

Corn Laws and after

Lord Russell

Prime Minister 1846-52, 1865-66

The most notable act of Peel’s second ministry, however, was the one that would bring it down. This time Peel moved against the landholders by repealing the Corn Laws, which supported agricultural revenues by restricting grain imports. This radical break with Conservative protectionism was triggered by the Great Irish Famine (1845-1849). At first sceptical of the extent of the problem, Peel reacted slowly to the famine. As realisation dawned, however, he hoped that ending the Corn Laws would free up more food for the Irish. Though he knew repealing the laws would mean the end of his ministry, Peel decided to do so. Yet many historians[weasel words] believe that Peel merely used the Irish Famine as an excuse to repeal the Corn Laws and because he had been an intellectual convert to free trade since the 1820s. Blake points out that if Peel were convinced that total repeal was necessary to stave off the famine, he would have enacted a bill that brought about immediate temporary repeal, not permanent repeal over a three-year period of gradual tapering-off of duties. His own party failed to support the bill, but it passed with Whig and Radical support on 29 June 1846. A following bill was defeated as a direct consequence, however, and Peel resigned.

Benjamin Disraeli

Prime Minister 1868, 1874-80

As an aside in reference to the Repeal of the Corn Laws, Peel did make some moves to subsidise the purchase of food for the Irish, but this attempt was small and had little tangible effect. In the age of laissez-faire, government taxes were small, and subsidies or direct economic interference were almost non-existent. That subsidies were actually given was very much out of character for the political times; Peel’s successor, Lord John Russell, received more criticism than Peel on Irish policy. The repeal of the Corn Laws was more political than humanitarian. Peel’s support for free trade could already be seen in his 1842 and 1845 budgets; in late 1842 Graham wrote to Peel that “the next change in the Corn Laws must be to an open trade” while arguing that the government should not tackle the issue.[2] Speaking to the cabinet in 1844, Peel argued that the choice was maintenance of the 1842 Corn Law or total repeal.[3] Whatever the intentions, in the end the repeal of the Corn Laws had little effect on the situation in Ireland.[citation needed]

The historian Boyd Hilton argues Peel knew from 1844 he was going to be deposed as Conservative leader–many of his MPs had taken to voting against him and the rupture within the party between liberals and paternalists which had been so damaging in the 1820s, but masked by the issue of reform in the 1830s was brought to the surface over the Corn Laws. Hilton’s hypothesis is that Peel wished to actually be deposed on a liberal issue so that he might later lead a Peelite/Whig/Liberal alliance.

Later career and death

He did retain a hard core of supporters however, known as Peelites, and at one point in 1849 was actively courted by the Whig/Radical coalition. He continued to stand on his conservative principles, however, and refused. Nevertheless, he was influential on several important issues, including the furtherance of British free trade with the repeal of the Navigation Acts. Peel was a member of the committee which controlled the House of Commons Library, and on 16 April 1850 was responsible for passing the motion that controlled its scope and collection policy for the rest of the century.

Peel was thrown from his horse while riding up Constitution Hill in London on 29 June 1850, the horse stumbled on top of him and he died three days later on 2 July at the age of 62. His Peelite followers, led by Lord Aberdeen and William Gladstone, went on to fuse with the Whigs as the Liberal Party.

Family

Peel married Julia, youngest daughter of General Sir John Floyd, 1st Baronet, in 1820. They had five sons and two daughters. Four of his sons gained distinction in their own right. His eldest son Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet, served as Chief Secretary for Ireland from 1861 to 1865. His second son Sir Frederick Peel was a politician and railway commissioner. His third son Sir William Peel was a naval commander and recipient of the Victoria Cross. His fifth son Arthur Wellesley Peel was Speaker of the House of Commons and created Viscount Peel in 1895. His daughter Julia married the 6th Earl of Jersey. Julia, Lady Peel, died in 1859.

Memorials

Statues

Statues of Sir Robert Peel are found in the following UK locations.

Parliament Square, London

Outside the Robert Peel public house in Bury town centre, his birthplace.[4]

Winckley Square in Preston city centre.

West Midlands Police Training Centre, Edgbaston, Birmingham.

Piccadilly Gardens in Manchester.

Montrose town centre.

Woodhouse Moor, Leeds.

Tamworth town centre.

George Square, Glasgow.

Peel Park, Bradford

Peel Centre, Hendon Police College, Hendon. In front of the Peel Centre over looking Peel Drive

Statue in Parliament Square, London

Statue in Woodhouse Moor, Leeds

Public Houses / Hotels

The following Public Houses, bars or hotels are named after Peel.[5]

UK

Robert Peel public house [1] in Bury town centre, his birthplace

Sir Robert Peel public house Heckmondwike, West Yorkshire

Sir Robert Peel public house [2], Leicester

Sir Robert Peel public house, Malden Road, London NW5

Sir Robert Peel public house, Peel Precinct, Kilburn, London NW6

Sir Robert Peel public house, London SE17

Sir Robert Peel Hotel, Preston

Sir Robert Peel public house Rowley Regis

Sir Robert Peel public house, Southsea

Sir Robert Peel public house [3], Stoke-on-Trent

Sir Robert Peel public house Kingston upon Thames, Surrey

Peel Hotel [4], Tamworth

Sir Robert Peel public house [5], Bloxwich, Walsall

Elsewhere

Sir Robert Peel Hotel (“The Peel” [6]) on Peel Street in Collingwood, Victoria Melbourne Australia

Sir Robert Peel Motor Lodge Hotel, Alexandria Bay, New York

Other Memorials

Peel Park, Bradford is named after Sir Robert Peel. It is one of the largest parks in the city, and indeed Yorkshire.

Peel Tower Monument, this tower was built on top of Holcombe Hill in Ramsbottom, Bury.

The Sir Robert Peel Hospital in Tamworth.

A small monument in the center of the town of Dronfield Derbyshire. Nearby is the Peel Centre, a community centre in a former Methodist church.[6]

The Regional Municipality of Peel (originally Peel County) in Ontario, Canada.

Peel Street in Collingwood, Victoria Melbourne Australia.

Peel Street, Montreal and its Peel Metro station. The street also features a high-rise residential building called Sir Robert Peel.

The Peel River in Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia.

Peel High School in Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia.

A British steamer named SS Sir Robert Peel, based in Canada, was burned by American forces on 29 May 1838, at the height of American-Canadian tensions over the Caroline Affair.

Tamworth-raised musician Julian Cope sings “the king and queen have offered me the estate of Robert Peel” on the song ‘O King of Chaos’, from his 1984 LP Fried.

The right wing of the Trafford Centre is called Peel Avenue, named after Robert Peel.

The official mascot of Bury Football Club is Robbie the Bobby, in honour of Sir Robert Peel.

See also

M’Naghten’s Case

List of Acts of Parliament during the First Peel Ministry

List of Acts of Parliament during the Second Peel Ministry

Peelian Principles

Notes

^ Gash, Mr. Secretary Peel, 59-61; 68-69.

^ Quoted in Gash, Sir Robert Peel, 362.

^ Gash, Sir Robert Peel, 429.

^ Sir Robert Peel Statue Bury

^ The UK-based Peel Hotels group are named after their founders Robert and Charles Peel, not Sir Robert Peel

^ The Peel Centre with image of the monument

References

Cooke Taylor, William (1851). Life and times of Sir Robert Peel. London: Peter Jackson.

Gash, Norman (1961). Mr. Secretary Peel: The Life of Sir Robert Peel to 1830. New York: Longmans.

Gash, Norman (1972). Sir Robert Peel: The Life of Sir Robert Peel after 1830. Totowa, New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN 0-87471-132-0.

Leigh Rayment’s Historical List of MPs

Leigh Rayment’s Baronetage Page

Stephen, Sir Leslie and Sir Sidney Lee (editors). The Dictionary of National Biography: From the Earliest Times to 1900. Volume XV Owens-Pockrich. Oxford University Press.

External links

Works by & about Robert Peel 1788-1850 at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated)

“Peel the empiricist”: a review by Ferdinand Mount of Douglas Hurd’s Peel biography in the TLS, 22/08/07

More about Sir Robert Peel on the Downing Street website.

Biography of Sir Robert Peel at www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk

Biography of Sir Robert Peel at www.victorianweb.org

An overview of the career of Sir Robert Peel at www.victorianweb.org

The Peel Family Sir Robert Peel and his descendents

The Peel Web For A-level History students

 

More Interesting Peel Information from Tony Heyes

Mr. Heyes also provided the following anecdotes regarding the Peel family.

 

Sir Robert Peel

While researching into the role my family played in the Industrial Revolution I happened upon an interesting story.

I guess we all know that Sir Robert Peel, who served as the Prime Minister of England for two terms and invented the Police Force. And I guess we all know that the name Bobby was derived from his nickname. Less well known is the old Victorian name for the force, – Peelers. But there is more…..

The Peels were a Lancashire family of mill owners. They were forward-looking and became involved in the introduction of mechanical spinning machines. However their industrial relations were not good and the workers, fearing redundancies, burnt down both of the Peel mills. The Peel family retreated to Tamworth in Staffordshire where they recommenced their business activities and also bred pigs. Starting with wild Irish stock they establish one of the most successful pig breeds of all time – the Tamworth.

The Tamworth, ginger to red in colouration, became an extremely popular animal. The Peels established for themselves a considerable reputation as pig breeders. Hence that other name for the police; Pigs.

No, it is not a reflection of their lack of table manners. It is yet another name in memory of their founder.

 

References

1Author

2Author

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Webpage posted May 2009.