1800 U.S. Census Records

for Grimshaws as Recorded on Ancestry.com

The website Ancestry.com offers online images of the entry pages of many of the censuses of the U.S., including the 1800 census. The 1800 census has been indexed by “head of household”. A search of the index for “Grimshaw” and “Grinshaw”  yielded a total of just one entry. The Ancestry.com website address for the census search service is shown below.


Access to the census information on Ancestry.com is available for a monthly or annual fee.


Grimshaw Listed in the 1800 U.S. Census

Images of Grimshaw Entries in the 1800 Census

Description of the 1800 Census

Grimshaw Listed in the 1800 U.S. Census

The one Grimshaw entry, for William Grimshaw of New Hampshire, is shown in the following table.









Grimshaw, William








Images of Grimshaw Entry in the 1810 Census

Images of the census entry for William Grimshaw has been obtained from Ancestry.com and posted below. A larger image of the entry is provided first, followed by a more complete portion of the page on which the entry appears. The six columns in the census present the following information:




Name of Head of Family 


Free white males under 10 years


Free white males 10 to 15 years


Free white males 16 to 25 years 


Free white males 26 to 44 years 


Free white males 45 and over 


Free white males under 10 years


Free white males 10 to 15 years


Free white males 16 to 25 years 


Free white males 26 to 44 years 

12Free white males 45 and over 
13All other free persons

The images below show that William Grimshaw was living in Coventry Township, Grafton County, NH. He was between 26 and 44 years old and was living with his wife, also between 26 and 44, and one male between 10 and 15 years old as well as three boys under 10. Also present in the home was one daughter, between 10 and 15 years old.

This William is apparently the same one recorded in the 1790 U.S. Census. A description of the household at that time from a companion webpage for the 1790 Census is as follows:

The images below show that William Grimshaw was living in Haverhill Township, Grafton County, NH with one male under 16 years of age and two females, for a total of four individuals. 

William Grimshaw therefore moved from Haverhill to Coventry Township, Grafton County between 1790 and 1800. William was apparently from Canada and fought in Hazen’s Regiment in the U.S. Revolutionary War before settling in New Hampshire (see companion webpage).

Description of the 1800 U.S. Census

The following description of the 1800 Census is provided on the Ancestry.com website.


This database details those persons enumerated in the 1800 United States Federal Census. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1800 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, M32, 52 rolls. (If you do not initially find the name on the page that you are linked to, try a few pages forward or backward, as sometimes different pages had the same page number.)

Enumerators of the 1800 census were asked to include the following categories in the census: name of head of household, number of free white males and females in age categories: 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves; and town or district and county of residence. The categories allowed Congress to determine persons residing in the United States for collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives. Most entries are arranged in the order of visitation, but some have been rearranged to appear in alphabetical order by initial letter of the surname.

Few, if any, records reveal as many details about individuals and families as do the U.S. federal censuses. The population schedules are successive “snapshots” of Americans that depict where and how they were living at particular periods in the past. Because of this, the census is often the best starting point for genealogical research after home sources have been exhausted.

Extended Description:

The United States was the first country to call for a regularly held census. The Constitution required that a census of all “Persons…excluding Indians not taxed” be performed to determine the collection of taxes and the appropriation of seats in the House of Representatives. The first nine censuses from 1790-1870 were organized under the United States Federal Court system. Each district was assigned a U.S. marshal who hired other marshals to administer the census. Governors were responsible for enumeration in territories.

The official enumeration day of the 1800 census was 4 August 1800. All questions asked were supposed to refer to that date. The enumeration was to be completed within nine months. Schedules survive for 13 states. Lost schedules include those for Georgia, Indiana Territory, Kentucky, Mississippi Territory, New Jersey, Northwest Territory, Virginia, Tennessee, and Alexandria County, District of Columbia. Some of the schedules for these states have been re-created using tax lists and other records.

Taken from Chapter 5: Research in Census Records, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy by Loretto Dennis Szucs; edited by Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Incorporated, 1997).

Source Information:

Ancestry.com. 1800 U. S. Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States. 1800 United States Federal Census. M32, 52 rolls. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C.

Previous Manual Search of Census Indexes for Grimshaws

Before the automated search capabilities became available on Ancestry.com, a manual search of printed census indexes was performed, as described on a companion webpage. The results of this search for the 1800 index (and a prior census) are summarized below.

New Hampshire

Grafton Co

Grimshaw, William

New York

New York Co

Grimsher, Aletta

In addition to William Grimshaw of New Hampshire, there was a potential Aletta Grimsahw in New York (New York County).

Webpage History

Webpage posted August 2004